Influence of Socio Economic Variables on Domestic Cooking Energy Choices of Rural Poor Households
Many households in developing countries are energy poor and are unable to make appropriate choices for cooking and heating. Because access to affordable and reliable energy source is essential for poverty reduction, it becomes imperative to understand the factors influencing households choice of cooking energy. This study investigated some socio-economic factors influencing the cooking energy choices of rural poor households. Through the multi-stage sampling procedure, the representative households were selected for the study. With the aid of questionnaire, primary data were collected from 120 households. Based on the household survey data, multinomial logit model was employed to estimate the factors influencing household choice of cooking energy. Results of analysis revealed that the most critical factors influencing domestic cooking energy choices included age of household head, housing type, household size, educational level, household income, occupation of household head and price of cooking energy. Results revealed that the choice of fuel wood as cooking energy indicate a negative relationship with age of household head, household type and household income at one percent level of significance. Findings further revealed that educational level of household heads was negatively related to choice of fuel wood and significant (p<0.05). For choice of kerosene, findings showed that age, household size, household income and price of kerosene were positively related the choice of kerosene and were significant (p<0.01) respectively. Improving the educational level of rural households and reducing the price of liquefied petroleum gas will be a rational policy decision to encourage the use of cleaner and efficient energy.
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