Socio-economic Factors Influencing Household Energy Choices in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria
This study aimed at determining household’s socio-economic factors associated with energy choice in Kano metropolis, Nigeria. A clustered sampling technique was adopted to categorize the study area into different residential zones on the basis socio-economic status. Thereafter, a systematic random sampling technique was used to select households at specific intervals, resulting to 528 sampled households. 528 copies of questionnaire were used to collect information on household energy type and household socio-economic characteristics, while Chi-square test and Cramer’s V statistic were used to test the association between the household’s socio-economic factors and choice of energy. Results from the Chi-square test reveal that household socio-economic factors such as geo-political zone of the household head, income, education of the household head and wife were found to be significantly associated with the choice of energy. However, results from Cramer’s V reveal that the level of literacy attained by the house wives has the strongest impact. The study concluded that wives with higher educational qualification prefer modern energy because they have a better taste and may be conscious of the negative impact of using biomass energy for cooking. The study recommended that the rates and costs of electricity, gas and kerosene should be carefully monitored to enable all classes of households to use them sustainably. Secondly, the public should be enlightened on the safety use of modern energy sources as well as the implication of using unclean sources energy.
Socio-Economic, Energy, Households, Woodfuel, Kerosene
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