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Prospects of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in Madaroumfa Village, Maradi Department, Republic of Niger
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2016
Issue 2 (April)
Pages: 10-15   |   Vol. 3, No. 2, April 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 25   Since Jun. 24, 2016 Views: 1311   Since Jun. 24, 2016
Authors
[1]
Muhammad Nuraddeen Danjuma, Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[2]
Babangida Maiwada, Department of Geography, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsin-ma, Nigeria.
[3]
Ahmed Abubakar Bindawa, Department of Geography, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsin-ma, Nigeria.
Abstract
Most conservation projects in Niger Republic were typically based on ideas developed in the western world; particularly in societies and cultures entirely different from those in West Africa. These were remarks of Tony Rinaudo, the creator of the Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration. In order to conserve the environment, large, costly projects he added, were established to produce exotic species, particularly eucalyptus (Eucalytus camaldulensis), neem (Azadirachta indica) and Prosopis juliflora. These projects have indeed failed to give lasting benefits and the result was that most indigenous trees were lost. Consequently, local techniques of conservation which were relegated have to be promoted in order to restore lands that were preserved intuitively long before the external projects. One such technique is the Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration. The aim of the study is to examine the prospects of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in Madaroumfa Village of Niger Republic with a view to enlighten people on the prospects of ancestral technique for better management of resources such as vegetation. The technique brings hope by restoring vegetation in the Maradi area. A total of 70 respondents were identified using snowball sampling technique. These are farmers identified to be practising FMNR in the area. Results of the study found that 70 farmers interviewed practice FMNR and regenerated 340 species of which 191 survived in 5 years. Species mostly raised are; Fadherbia albida, Magnifera indica, Combretum glutinosum, Acacia camphylacantha, Ficus thonningii, Azadirachta indica, Adansonia digitata, Butyrespermun parkii, Moringa oleifera, Parkia biglobosa, Acacia nilotica, Proposis Africana and Jathropha curcas. The results show that FMNR is an adaptive strategy in Madaroumfa area of the Maradi Deppartment. It was recommended that FMNR should be promoted by providing incentives to farmers who raised certain number species annually.
Keywords
Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration, Adaptive Strategy, Madaroumfa
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