The Effect of Quadratic Simulation - Games on Students’ Achievement and Anxiety Level in Quadratic Equations in Senior Secondary Schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria
This research examined the effect of Quadratic Simulation-games on students’ achievement and anxiety level in senior secondary school mathematics in Zaria Educational Zone of Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study adopted the quasi- experimental and control group; involving pretest and posttest design. The population of the study comprised 80 students randomly sampled from two public secondary schools. The Quadratic Equation Achievement Test (QEAT) and the Quadratic Equation Anxiety Rating Scale Questionnaire (QEARQ) were used to collect data; these gave a 0.83 consistency with the Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and a Cronbach Alpha of 0.81 respectively. The research hypotheses which was tested using the t-test was found to be significant at 0.05. The findings from the study revealed that Quadratic Simulation-games led to improved achievement and reduction in students’ anxiety in mathematics. The study concluded that teachers’ use of Quadratic Simulation-games in the teaching of quadratic equations would go a long way in sustaining and motivating students’ interest in learning mathematics. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the Federal Government through the National Mathematical Centre should encourage the development of indigenous simulation - games for our secondary schools and teachers are to step out of the box by searching for, adopting and applying result oriented games useful for teaching and learning of mathematical concepts in a classroom situation.
Quadratic Simulation-games, Achievement, Anxiety, Quadratic Equations
Adewunmi, D.O (1981). The effect of qualified mathematics teachers. Journal of Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN), 2(2).
Ale, S.O (2005). Mathematics improvement project: A way to enhance students’ performance in mathematics. Nigerian Journal of professional Teachers, 1(1), 7-21.
Ale, S.O (1989). Combating poor achievement in mathematics ABACUS. Journal of the Mathematics Association of Nigeria, 19(1).
Ali, A (1985). Teacher efficiency and effectiveness in the use of scheduled teaching time. Nigeria Elementary School Teacher and their American Counterparts. Institute of Education, UNN Nsuka.
Akinsola, M.K and Animasahun, I.A (2007). The effect of simulation – games environment on student’s achievement in and attitude to mathematics in secondary schools. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 6 (3), ISSN: 1303 – 6521.
Amazigbo, J.C (2000). Mathematics phobia, diagnosis and prescription. National Mathematical Association Conference. NMC, Abuja – Nigeria.
Aremu, A (1999). Strategies for improving the performance of female in mathematics. African Journal of Educational Research, 5 (1), 77-85.
Ashby, B (2009). Exploring children’s attitude toward mathematics. Joubert, M (ed) Proceedings of the British Society for Research into the Learning of Mathematics.
Betiku, O.F (2001). Causes of mass failure in mathematics examination among student of secondary school, Karu Abuja Science Day 1st March.
Betiku, O.F (2002). Factors responsible for poor performance of students in school mathematics: suggested remedies. STAN NNUAL Conference Proceedings pp342 -349.
Badmus, G.A (1989). Trends in preparation of mathematics teachers for post –primary institution in Nigeria. A response education. ABACUS: Journal of Mathematics Association of Nigeria, Vol 19 (1), Pg 88-89.
Bowler, M (1999). Facing algebra anxiety in America today. Retireived April 29, 2013 from http://www.articles.baltimores.com/1999-06-03/news/99906300173.htm
Brown, B.L (1997). New learning strategies for generation. ERIC Digest No 184.
Bryl, P.G (1983). A descriptive study of mathematics anxiety. Ph. D Thesis Indiana University Dissertation Abstract International, 3(8): 583
Budd, C, & Sanguin, C (2004). 101 uses of quadratic equation part II. Retrieved from www.plus.maths.org/content/101-uses-quadratic-equation-part-ii
D’Augustine, A & Charks, H (1973). Multiple methods of teaching mathematics in elementary schools. New York. Haper and Row Publishers.
Dantani, Y.S (2006). Strategies for reducing mathematics anxiety among students: a psychological perspective. Nigerian Journal of Science education and Educational Research, 1(1), pp 63-65.
Enesi, A.O (2007). Effects of pedagogical variables on senior secondary school certificate English language examination failures. Zaria Journal of Studies in Education, 3(2), 52-58.
Footles, R (2000). Overcoming math anxiety. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 35(4), 149 – 151.
Hadfield, O.D & Trujillo, K.M (1998). Tracing the roots of mathematics anxiety through in depth interviews with preservice elementary teachers. College Students Journal, 33(2).
Harper, N & Daane, C (1998). Causes and reduction of math anxiety in preservice elementary teachers. Action in Teachers Education, 19 (4), 29 - 38.
Kajuru, Y.K and Popoola, F.R (2010). Peadagogical strategies for improving the teaching and learning of mathematics at the colleges of agriculture in Nigeria. Journal of studies in science and mathematics education, 1(1). Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Kerlinger, F.N (1973). Foundations of behavioral research. New York. Int. J. Modern Soc. Science 2012, 1, pp29 -37.
Leppavirta, J (2011). The impact of mathematics anxiety on the performance of students. Journal of Engineering Education, 100(3).
Makinde, A.O (2012). Some methods of effective teaching and learning of mathematics. Journal of Education and practice, 3(7), ISSN 2222-288X.
Nwabugwu, F (2012, April 29th). F. G deplores poor performance by students in mathematics. Vanguard News. Retrieved from www.vanguardngr.com/2012/03/fg-deplores-poor-performance-by-students-in-mathematics.
Obeka, S.S (2009). EPODEWALAD and power simulation games of geographical and environmental education. Zaria, Nigeria. Ahmadu Bello University press Limited, Zaria Kaduna State.
Orem, R. E and Ekweme, C. O (2011). The roles of games in teaching and learning of mathematics in junior secondary school. Global Journal of Educational Research, 10(2).
Popoola, F.R & Olarewaju, R.R (2010). Factors responsible for the poor performance of students in mathematics in Nigerian secondary schools. Journal of Research in Education and Society, 1(2&3).
Rameau, P and Louime, C (2007). Mathematics phobia: are the mathematical science a pothole in the road of life? Journal of Current Science, 93(11). Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation.
Richardson, F.C & Suinn, R.M (1972). The mathematics anxiety rating scale. Journal of counseling Psychology, 19(6), 551 – 554.
Tall, D; Lima, R.N and Healy, L (2012). Evolving a three-world framework for solving algebraic equations in the light of what a student has met before. Retrieved May 7, 2013 from http://www.warwick.ac.uk/staff/David.Tall/pdfs/dot2013x-Tall-Lima-Healy-quadratics-equations.pdf.