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An Overview of ‘Attention’ According to Van Lier
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 2 (July)
Pages: 7-9   |   Vol. 2, No. 2, July 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 46   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1548   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Mehrdad Rezaee, Department of Foreign Languages, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
[2]
Majid Farahian, Department of ELT, College of Literature and Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract
In this paper, the authors have used different definitions of ‘attention’ from the viewpoint of different scholars each of whom sees it from a certain perspective, emphasizing one aspect of it. Meanwhile, the application of attention in SLA is studied. In so doing, the idea proposed by Krashen (incidental learning) is rejected which claimed that one can learn well even without paying attention (the issue of language acquisition), but later on, it was mentioned that since we have different levels of learning, it is not always necessary to have attention for learning; however, the type of learning without attention would not be different from the time that the person learns by paying attention. So, attention determines deep or shallow learning.
Keywords
Attention, SLA, Incidental Learning, Awareness, Noticing
Reference
[1]
Ellis, R. (2008). The study of second language acquisition (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[2]
Krashen, S. D. (1981). Second language acquisition and second language learning. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
[3]
Krashen, S. D. (1982). Principles and practice in second language acquisition. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
[4]
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[5]
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[7]
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[8]
Van Lier, L. (1994). Language, awareness, contingency, and interaction. In J. H. Hulstijn & R. Schmidt (Eds.), Consciousness in second language learning. AILA Review, 11, 69-82.
[9]
Van Lier, L. (1996). Interaction in the language curriculum. Awareness, autonomy and authenticity. London: Longman.
[10]
Van Lier, L. (1998). The relationship between consciousness interaction and language learning. Language Awareness, 7, 128-140.
[11]
Van Lier, L. (2001). Language awareness. In R. Carter & D. Nunan (Eds.), Teaching English to speakers of other languages (pp. 160-165). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[12]
Van Lier, L. (2004). The semiotics and ecology of language learning: Perception, voice, identity and democracy. Utbilding & Demokrati, 13(3), 79–103.
[13]
Wickens, C. D., & McCarley, J. S. (2008). Applied attention theory. London: Taylor & Francis Group.
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