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Transboundary Problems of Caspian Ecology: Knowledge-Based Tools for Solutions
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 2 (May)
Pages: 23-30   |   Vol. 1, No. 2, May 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 33   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1874   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Karayev R. A. , Institute of Cybernetics, National Academy of Sciences, Azerbaijan.
[2]
Aliyev K. A. , Innovation Technical & Construction Servies LLP, Azerbaijan.
[3]
Sadikhova N. Yu. , Institute of Cybernetics, National Academy of Sciences, Azerbaijan.
Abstract
The article considers the problem of Environmental Impact Assessment in a transboundary context (EIAT) in the Caspian Sea region, which has become urgent in connection with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the new "oil boom" in the Caspian shelf. The issue of ensuring the reliability and efficiency of the EIAT in difficult conditions of the Sea is discussed. The article presents an intelligent support system that can be used to solve this issue. The system is designed based on the general provisions of Espoo Convention (1991), “best world practice” of EIA (International Association for Impact Assessment, Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (UK), CEFAS (UK)), information databases of the Caspian Environment Programme (CEP, EU, and TACIS), rich experience of local ecologists, and research paradigm of knowledge-based approach. Within this paradigm developed methodology EIAT, which enables the integration of modern theoretical and practical experience of EIAT, adapt it to the conditions of the region and its subregions, and on this basis to improve the reliability and effectiveness of the procedure EIAT. The main components of the methodology are the (1) fuzzy situational model of environment quality, which implemented in the class of holistic (“gestalt”) models, widely used in medical diagnostic, and (2) complex of knowledge-based tools for acquisition and effective use of human (scientists, researches, supervisors, experts, managers, and etc.) knowledge, that extremely useful in connection with a predominantly heuristic (nonformalized) character of the EIAT.
Keywords
Caspian Sea, Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment, EIA “best world practice”, Knowledge-based approach, Intelligent Support System
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