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Thermal Actions and Insolation Effects in Free Standing Steel Industrial Chimneys
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 5 (November)
Pages: 99-103   |   Vol. 1, No. 5, November 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 33   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 2141   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Bernard Wichtowski, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.
[2]
Janusz Hołowaty, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.
Abstract
The technical conditions of service limit for steel structures are defined in standards and codes of practice. Horizontal displacement of the top of a chimney is usually described as a sum of the static wind displacement, the execution displacement and the ground deformation displacement. Thermal stresses and deformations are very important in concrete chimneys. In steel chimneys, usually with thin plates, according to customary standards, the problem of differential thermal stress need not be accounted for. If the temperature of chimney shaft is higher than 700C, it is advised to implement reduced values of basic properties of structural steel. For chimneys with guys, if the average temperature is higher than 500C, the influence of thermal effects on internal forces should be taken into account. Differential thermal effects in steel structure can cause corrosion and misleading temporal displacements. In the paper, the insolation effects are presented in free standing steel chimneys. The results of measured temperature and displacements are shown and discussed. The heat transmission caused by operation and solar radiation influence the horizontal displacements of steel chimneys. Because of thermal movement, the execution tolerances are usually very difficult to achieve. The thermal effects caused by solar radiation should be taken into account while designing steel chimneys.
Keywords
Steel Chimney, Thermal Action, Insolation Effects
Reference
[1]
The CICIND Chimney Book. Industrial Chimneys of Concrete or Steel, CICIND, Zurich, 2005.
[2]
EN 1991-1-5. Eurocode 1 – Actions on structures – Part 1-5: General actions – Thermal actions, 2005.
[3]
EN 1993-3-2. Eurocode 3 – Design of steel structures – Part 3-2: Towers, masts and chimneys – Chimneys, 2006.
[4]
EN 13084-1. Free-standing chimneys – Part 1: General requirements, 2007.
[5]
EN 13084-7. Free-standing chimneys – Part 7: Product specifications of cylindrical steel fabrications for use in single wall steel chimneys and steel liners, 2005.
[6]
EN 1090-2. Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures – Part 2: Technical requirements for the execution of steel structures, 2008.
[7]
Wichtowski, B, “Forces in guys according thermal analysis of structural shell of a 40 m high steel chimney”, Przegląd Budowlany, No. 8-9, pp. 32-35 (in Polish), 1994.
[8]
PN-93/B-03201. Steel structures. Chimneys. Design rules (in Polish), 1993.
[9]
PN-86/B-02015. Actions on building structures. Variable environmental actions. Temperature actions(in Polish), 1986.
[10]
PN-B-06200. Building steel structures. Specifications and tests (in Polish), 2002.
[11]
Wichtowski, B, Hołowaty J, “Insolation of a free-standing steel chimney. Splar radiation action and effects”, EUROSTEEL 2011, 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures: Research – Design – Construction, Budapest 2011, pp. 825-830.
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