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Effects of Coastal Environment Factors on the Geotechnical Properties of Building Materials, Red Sea, Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 6 (November)
Pages: 157-163   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, November 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 124   Since Oct. 14, 2015 Views: 1729   Since Oct. 14, 2015
Al-Imam A. O. A., Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Elzien S. M., Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Khieralla K. M., Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Different types of building materials were collected from numerous resources reflecting the variations in the depositional environments. Sand, gravels, granite and limestone have been subjected to chemical, physical and mechanical analysis to predict their properties. Sulphate, Chloride and other elements are very essential to determine as hazardous elements affected cement and mortar by chemical reaction. In addition of the shallow groundwater level in the coastal plain, the interaction sea water and carbonate should be considered. Results of geotechnical tests indicated to high quality of these materials which can be used in high-ways and building construction. The geotechnical results mentioned to high concentration of hazardous elements, such as SO4, Cl- and Ca2+ which are directly affected on cement (concrete) and reinforcement. The environmental factors and the distance from the sea are controlling the higher corrosion in the building, whereas, sabkhas have direct effect on foundation and over ground level.
Geotechnical Results, Red Sea, Building Materials, Corrosion, Hazardous Elements
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