Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Effects of Coastal Environment Factors on the Geotechnical Properties of Building Materials, Red Sea, Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 6 (November)
Pages: 157-163   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, November 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 124   Since Oct. 14, 2015 Views: 1729   Since Oct. 14, 2015
Authors
[1]
Al-Imam A. O. A., Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[2]
Elzien S. M., Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[3]
Khieralla K. M., Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
Different types of building materials were collected from numerous resources reflecting the variations in the depositional environments. Sand, gravels, granite and limestone have been subjected to chemical, physical and mechanical analysis to predict their properties. Sulphate, Chloride and other elements are very essential to determine as hazardous elements affected cement and mortar by chemical reaction. In addition of the shallow groundwater level in the coastal plain, the interaction sea water and carbonate should be considered. Results of geotechnical tests indicated to high quality of these materials which can be used in high-ways and building construction. The geotechnical results mentioned to high concentration of hazardous elements, such as SO4, Cl- and Ca2+ which are directly affected on cement (concrete) and reinforcement. The environmental factors and the distance from the sea are controlling the higher corrosion in the building, whereas, sabkhas have direct effect on foundation and over ground level.
Keywords
Geotechnical Results, Red Sea, Building Materials, Corrosion, Hazardous Elements
Reference
[1]
AASHTO. (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Office) (1979). Standard specification of transportation material and methods of sampling and resting, part 2 Tests.
[2]
Al-Imam, O.A.O.; Elzien, S. M.; Mohammed, A. A.; Elkrail, A. B., and Mustafa, A. A., (2013a). Detection of hazardous elements in foundation layers in carbonate coastal plain, Port-Sudan-Suakin, Red Sea, Sudan. Amer. J. of Eng. Res. (AJER). Vol. 02 issue 10, pp205-213.
[3]
Al-_Imam, O.A.O.; Elzien, S. M.; Mohammed, A. A.; Hussein, A.A.; Kheiralla K.M., and Mustafa, A. A., (2013b). Geotechnical properties of mixed marine sediments on continental shelf, Port-Sudan, Red Sea, Sudan. Amer. J. of Eng. Res. (AJER). Vol. 03 issue 1, pp 68-79.
[4]
Arnold, A. (1982). Rising damp and saline material, proceeding of the 4th International Congress on Deterioration and Preservation of Stone Objects. University of Louisville, K.Y., U.S.A., P 11-28.
[5]
Barbara Lubelli; Ob, P. J.; Caspar, J.W.P, (2004).The role of sea salts in the occurrence of different damage mechanisms and decay patterns on brick masonry. Construction and Building Materials, 18: 119-124.
[6]
Bowles, J.E. (1978). Engineering properties of soil and their measurements. McGraw-Hill Int. Book Com. New York.
[7]
Chen, Z. Q and Shi, M. H. (2005). Study of Heat and moisture migration properties in porous materials. Applied Thermal Engineering, 35: 61-71.
[8]
Dow, C. and Glasser, F. P., (2003). Calcium carbonate efflorescence on Portland Cement and Building Materials. Cement and Concrete Research, 33: 147-154.
[9]
Folton, E. Anne, (2002)."{Sedimentology of rocky shorelines":1-A review of the problem, with analytical methods, and insights grained from the Hulopoe Gravel and the modern rocky shoreline of Lanai, Hawaii. Sed. Jour. 152: 221-245.
[10]
Geological Research Authority of the Sudan (GRAS) (1984). Evaluation of building materials, Red Sea (unpublished report).
[11]
Hamer, Kay and Volker Karius, (2002). Brickproduction with dredged harbour sediments. An industrial scale experiment Waste management, 22:521-530.
[12]
Kröner, A., (1993). The Pan-African belt of northeastern and Eastern Africa, Madagascar, Southern India, Sri Lanka and East Antarctica: Terrace amalgamation during formation of the Gondwana supercontinent. In: Thorweile, U. and Schandelmeier, H. (ed): Geoscientific Research in northeast Africa, S3-9, Rotterdam (Balkema).
[13]
Lamas, F.; Irigaray, C, and Chacon, J. (2002). Geotechnical characterization of carbonate marls for the construction of impermeable dam cores. Eng. Geol. 66: 293-294.
[14]
Laurie, A. P., and Milne, J., (1927). The evaporation of water and salts solutions from surfaces of stones, Brick and mortar. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 47: 86-92.
[15]
Robert, (1971). U.S Army Corps of Engineering Highway Exp. Sta. Tch. Mem., Vicksburg Miss.
[16]
Salama, R. B.; Porrington, P.; Bartile, G.A. and Watson, G. D., (1993b).Chemical evolution of groundwater in a first order catchment and the process of salt accumulative in the soil profile. Jour. of Hydrol. 143:233-258.
[17]
Schumann, I., (1997).Zur Nachhtraglichen Bestemmung der Brenntemperature und zumEinflnB der Brenntemperature auf.
[18]
Thomas, A. Wildin and Martin, D. J. Sayer, (2002). The physical and chemical performance of artificial reef blocks made using quarry by-products. JCES Journal of Mar. Sci. Vol. 59: S250-S257.
[19]
USCS (Unified Soil Classification System). (1953). U.S. Army Corps of Engineering Highway Exp. Sta. Tch. Mem. 3-357, Vicksburg, Miss.
[20]
Ziyi Lu; Xihui Zhou and Jinyi Zhang (2004). Study on the performance of a new type of water -repellent admixture for cement mortar. Cement and Concrete Research, 34:2015-2019.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved