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Metagenomic Profiles of Antibiotic Resistance Genes Associated with Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus)
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2016
Issue 1 (September)
Pages: 1-11   |   Vol. 3, No. 1, September 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 83   Since Aug. 25, 2016 Views: 1997   Since Aug. 25, 2016
Wang Wen, Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'ning, China.
Zheng Si-si, Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'ning, China; College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Sharshov Kirill, Research Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia.
Sun Hao, Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'ning, China.
Yang Fang, Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'ning, China.
Wang Xue-lian, Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'ning, China.
Li Lai-xing, Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'ning, China.
Bar-headed goose (Anser indicus), a species endemic to Asia, has become one of the most popular economic species in recent years for wild birds artificial rearing industries in several provinces of China. The use of antibiotics may accelerate the development of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and bacteria which shade health risks to humans and animals. The emerging of ARGs related to Bar-headed goose is becoming an increasing concern. In this study, the profiles of ARGs in both wild and artificially reared Bar-headed geese were investigated using a high-throughput functional metagenomic approach. Analysis of the data showed the existence of a broad-spectrum of different ARGs in both two groups, and the types and subtypes of ARGs were much more abundant and diverse in the artificially reared Bar-headed geese than wild ones. The ARGs related to resistance to streptomycin and trimethoprim have been detected at higher abundance in wild group. ARGs contributed to the resistance to acriflavin, aminoglycoside, beta_lactam, glycylcycline, bacitracin, staphylococcus, fluoroquinolone, thiostrepton and teicoplanin were found to be higher in artificially reared group. These findings provided a broad spectrum profile of ARGs in Bar-headed geese, and may help in the design of future studies to elucidate how artificial rearing environmental factors contributed to the spread of ARGs.
Bar-headed Goose, Gut Metagenome, Antibiotic Resistance Genes, High-throughput Sequencing, Artificial Rearing
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