Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Effects of Some Synthetic Antibiotics on Streptococcus pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis Isolated from Fish Tank Culture System
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2013
Issue 1 (December)
Pages: 1-5   |   Vol. 1, No. 1, December 2013   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 27   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1870   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Idowu, A. A., Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
[2]
Ikenweiwe, N. B., Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
[3]
Alimi, A. A., Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Abstract
Effects of some synthetic antibiotics on Streptococcus pnemoniae and Proteus mirabilis isolated from cultured Clarias gariepinus, an important food fish raised in a concrete tank was carried out to ascertain their remedies on mortalities of the Clarias gariepinus adult fish. Streptococcus pnemoniae and Proteus mirabilis were isolated from the gill and skin of diseased fish and water samples and identified by standard microbiological methods. The bacteria isolates were tested for sensitivity on ten (10) antibiotics namely Amoxycillin; Gentamicin; Nitrofurantoin; Erythromycine, Augmentin, Tetracycline, Naladoxic acid, Cotrimoxazole, Cloxacillin and Ofloxacin. These organisms reacted differently to the different antibiotics that were used - Ofloxacine, Gentamycin and Erythromycine had highest zones of inhibition of 26mm and 26mm, 24mm and 19mm, 16mm and 17mm respectively around Streptococcus pnemoniae and Proteus mirabilis, but Naladoxic acid, Augmentin, Cloxacillin and Amoxycillin had no inhibition zones around both organisms. It is therefore recommended that Ofloxacine, Gentamycin and Erythromycine can be used to combat S. pnemoniae and P. mirabilis diseases in fish farms because of their high antibacterial potentials against the test organisms.
Keywords
Streptococcus pnemoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Clarias gariepinus, Synthetic Antibiotics
Reference
[1]
Akinyemi, A. A. (2012) Plant extracts as alternative treatment FOR Pseudomonas aeruginosa occurrence in Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) juveniles Journal of Science and Multidisciplinary Research Volume 4, Cenresin Publications
[2]
Austin, B. and Austin, D.A. (2007) Bacterial Fish Pathogens: Disease of Farmed and Wild Fish. Praxis Publishing
[3]
Bergey (1984). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. Volume 3
[4]
Boyd, D.; Peters, G.A.; Cloeckaert, A.; Boumedine, K.S.; Chaslus-Dancla, E.; Imberechts, H. and Mulvey, M.R. (2001). Complete nucleotide sequence of a 43-kilobase genomic island associated with the multidrug resistance region of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 and its identification in phage type DT120 and Serovar. agona. J. Bacteriol. 183: 5725-5732.
[5]
Cabello, F. C. (2006). Heavy use of prophylactic antibiotics in aquaculture: a growing problem for human and animal health and for the environment. Environmental Microbiology 8: 1137-1144.
[6]
Fatema, H.; Eisin, S.; Friona, B.; Pamela, C.; Mohamad, R. T.; Allan, J. D.; Alexandra, I. G. and Valerie, A. F. (2007). Screening methods used to determine the antimicrobial properties of Aloe vera inner gel. Nat. Prod. Res., 42 (4): 315-320.
[7]
Inglis, V.; Roberts, R.J. and Bromage, N.R. (2001). Bacterial Diseases of Fish. Iowa State University, Ames. pp. 1 –59, 122 –156.
[8]
Jay, J.M. (1986) Modern food microbiology, Van Nostrand Reinhold New York, pp.27
[9]
Kirjusina, M.; Briede, I. and Bondad-Reantaso M.G. (2007) Extension Manual on Some Important Viruses, Parasites and Bacteria of Aquatic Animals in Lativia. NDC/LZRA/FAO. Riga. 69 p.
[10]
Ochei, J. and Kohaltkar, A. (2008) Medical Laboratory Science, Theory and Practice. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi
[11]
Stukus, P.E. (1997) Antimicobial testing. The Kirby-Bauer method (filterpaper disk method). In: Stukus, P.E. (Ed.). Investigating microbiology: a laboratory manual for general microbiology. Orlando: Harcourt Brace & Company cap.44, p.243-247.
[12]
World Health Organization, WHO (1989) Tropical disease: Progress in International Research 1987-1988. 9th edition Program pp 55-62
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved