Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Influence of Age on the Prevalence of Gill Parasites and Associated Lesions in Cultured African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in Sokoto, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 9, 2021
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 37-41   |   Vol. 9, No. 3, September 2021   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 19   Since Dec. 21, 2021 Views: 471   Since Dec. 21, 2021
Argungu Lawali Alkali, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Lucky Sarki Yila, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Maradun Hassan Faruk, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Baraya Yusha’u Shu’aibu, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Abubakar Muhammad Salisu, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
The study evaluates the influence of age on the prevalence of gill parasites and associated lesions in cultured Catfish (Clarias gariepinus). A total of ninety (90) live fishes were collected, euthanized and the gill samples were obtained for parasitological and histopathological examinations. The samples for histopathology were placed and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin solution, while wet mount method was used for parasitological examination. Fish samples were grouped into three age-based groups: 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months. The results showed 22 fish (24.4%) were positive for the presence of parasite among fish of 6-months-old; 25 fish (27.8%) were positive among fish of 4 months and 29 fish (32.3%) were positive for fish of 2 months. Histopathological changes observed include gill filament thickening, inflammatory cellular infiltration, hyaline degeneration, hemorrhage, and vascular congestion. Data were analysed to compare changes using appropriate statistical tool. It was observed that age has an influence in the prevalence of gill parasites and associated lesions. Gill parasites and associated lesions tend to be lower in younger fish than in older fishes where the prevalence was very high. It can be concluded that the older fish tends to be more prone to gill parasites as well as associated lesions than the younger fish. If these fishes are highly infested, it will retard their growth, health as well as productivity.
African Catfish, Clarias gariepinus, Age, Parasites, Lesions
Ashade, O. O., Osimeye, O. M. and Kumoye, E. A. (2013). Isolation, identification and prevalence of parasites on Oreochromis niloticus from three selected River systems. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 8 (1); 114-121
Jamu, D. M. and Ayinla, A. O. (2003). Potential for the development of acquired sure in Africa. NAGA Vol 26, No 3, pp 9-13.
Atanda, A. N. (2007). Freshwater fish seed resources in Nigeria. Fish network. 5 (4), pp 26-37.
Roberts, L. S. and Janovy, J. (2009). Foundation of Parasitology. 8th edition. McGraw-Hill International Editions, Boston. pp 502.
Marzouk, M. S., Mahdy, O. A., El-Khatib, N. R. and Yousef, N. S. (2013). Contribution in ectoparasitic infection and it's control on cultured Oreochromis niloticus in Egypt. AJRC, 1, pp 326-338.
Mashego, S. (2001). Re-description of Proteo cephalus glanduliger (Janiki, 1928) (Cestoda: Proteocephalus proteocephalinae. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 38; 13-17.
Onyedineke, N. E., Obi, U., Ofoegbu, P. U. and Ukogo, I. (2010). Helminthology parasite of some freshwater fish from River Niger at Illushi, Edo State. Nigeria Journal of Animal science, 6; 16-21.
Mitike, A. (2014). Fish production, consumption and Management in Ethiopia. Research Journal of Agricultural Environmental management. Vol 3, pp 460-466.
Tizie, E., Baye, D. and Mohamed, A. (2014). Prevalence of Ligula intestinalis larvae, I'm Barbus fish genera at Lake Tana Ethiopia. World Journal of fish and marine Science. Vol 6, pp 408-416.
Yakubu, A. S. (2012). A survey of fish fauna of lower Ogun Rivers at Ishasi, Ogun state, Western Nigeria. Continental fisheries and acquatic science. Vol 6 (2), pp 1-7.
Adewumi, A. A. and Olaleye, V. F. (2011). Catfish culture In Nigeria. Progress, prospects and problems. African Journal of Agricultural research. 6 (6), pp 1281-1285.
El-Asely, A. M., Abd El-Gaward, E. A., Soror, E. L. and Amin, A. A. (2015). Studies on some parasitic diseases in Oreochromis niloticus fish hatchery with emphasis to life stages. Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research. Vol 5 (3), pp 99-108.
Rim, C. H. J. (1998). In laboratory diagnosis of infectious disease. Principles and practice. Springer-Verlag press Seoul, Korea. pp 801-810.
Hoffman, G. D. (1998). Parasites of North American Fresh water fishes. (Second Ed). Itaca, New York: Cornell University Press. pp 32-40.
Ugwumba, C. O. A. and Chuckwuji, C. O. (2010). The Economics of Catfish production in Anambra state, Nigeria. A profit function approach. Journal of Agricultural Social Science. Vol 6, pp 105- 109.
National Population Commission. (NPC 2006). Census data.
Illesanmi, O. O. (1971). An Emperical formulation of an ITD rainfall model for the Tropics. A case study of Nigeria. Journal of applied metereology. Vol 10, pp 882-891.
William, H. and Jones, A. (1994). Parasitic worms of fish. Taylor and Francis Bristol U.K. pp 539.
Ferguson, H. W., Lomsden, J. S., Mac, D. D. and Ostland, V. E. (1994). Gill of Fish in Ontario Farms. Queen’s Printer Ontario, Ontario. Pp 15.
Papema, I. (1991). Diseases caused by parasites in the aquaculture of warm water fish. Annual Review of Fish diseases. 1 (1). Pp 155-194.
Sogbesan, O. A., Tukura, E. E. and Ekundayo, T. M. (2018). Parasitic infection and prevalence in Clarias Gariepinus in Lake Gerio, Yola, Adamawa state. MedCrave, step into the world of research. Vol 5, pp 6.
Woo, P. T. K. (1995). Fish diseases and disorders. Protozoan and Metazoan infections. CAB international Oxon, U.K. pp. 808.
Okadinya. M. O, Ugoh, S. C and Solomon, J. R. (2013). Studies on the microbial flora found in the intestine of Heteroclarias Specie. Academia Arena, 5 (6): 41-51. http://www.sciencepub.net/academia.
Momoh, A. O., Fadahunsi, A. I. and Oche, V. O. (2021). The Comparative Effects of Alloxan and Streptozotocin in Inducement of Type-1 Diabetes on the Intestinal Microflora of Albino. Journal of Probiotics and Health, 9: 247.
Sarafoleanu, D., Postelnicu, V., Iosif, C., Manea, C. and Sarafoleanu, C. (2009). Journal of Medicine and Life, 2 (2); 219-226.
Strzyzewska, E., Szarek, I and Babinska, I. (2016). Veterinarni Medicina, 61 (3): 123–132.
Owolabi, O. D. (2008). Endoparasitic helminths of the Upside-Down Catfish, Synodontis membranaceus (Geoffrey Saint Hilarie) in Jebba Lake, Nigeria. International Journal of Zoological Research, 4 (3); 181-188.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved