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Biochemical Profile of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Juveniles Fed Blood Meal-Bovine Rumen Digesta (BMBRD) Included Diets
Current Issue
Volume 8, 2020
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 96-102   |   Vol. 8, No. 3, September 2020   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 2   Since Sep. 24, 2020 Views: 33   Since Sep. 24, 2020
Authors
[1]
Bola Morufat Lawal, Nigeria Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria.
[2]
Henry Adefisayo Adewole, Zoology Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[3]
Victor Folorunso Olaleye, Zoology Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Abstract
The effect of BMBRD diets fed Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) juveniles was investigated on the liver enzymes and creatinine metabolite with a view to revealing underlying physiological conditions of the organ of the fish. Three iso-nitrogenous experimental diets containing 35% crude protein were formulated with 25% and 50% BMBRD inclusion level to substitute the fishmeal component which was the primary protein source while the 0% BMBRD served as the control. Sixty (60) C. gariepinus was obtained and stocked in glass aquaria (60cm x 30cm x 30cm) at a stocking density of 10 fish per tank and were fed 4% of the body weight in two installments for 10 weeks. After the tenth week of experimental feeding, five fish specimens were selected from each tank and sacrificed for processing of the selected biochemical assays. Analyses of the results showed that C. gariepinus juveniles fed 25% BMBRD diet had significantly higher level (p<0.05) of ALT, ALP and LDH activities in their liver than in the liver of the fish juveniles fed 0 and 50% BMBRD included diets. The level of creatinine was however significantly higher (p<0.05) in the liver of the fish fed the control and 25% BMBRD diet. The study concluded that BMBRD has no adverse effect on the liver enzymes and metabolite of C. gariepinus.
Keywords
Clarias gariepinus, Blood Meal, Rumen Digesta, Diets, Biochemical Enzymes
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