Adoption of Muddy Buildings for the Conservation of Tree Vegetation Cover, Bara Locality, North Kordofan, Sudan
The broad objectives of this research is to investigate the perception of local people on muddy building as strategy for conservation of vegetation cover, estimate the quantity of wood materials used in traditional houses and their threat to the natural vegetation cover in the study area, investigate the level of adoption of mud buildings and determinant factors of adoption the muddy buildings. Moreover, the study attempts to assess the stocking density of the tree cover in the study area and explore the economic feasibility of muddy buildings and their potentiality in conserving and restoring the vegetation cover in the study area. Two types of data were collected for this research, namely; primary data and secondary data. The former was collected from households through face-to-face interviewing and inventory work to investigate the stocking density around the selected villages. A random sample of 100 respondents was selected from Bara Locality for this research. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, binary logistic regression and ANOVA. The main findings of the study are; in the short run, the construction cost of muddy buildings is relatively higher compared to the traditional buildings (huts), but on the long run the cost is much lower compared to the traditional huts because the traditional huts are renewed every two years on average (mainly due to decay by pests and occasional fires), while the muddy buildings last for more than twenty years. The inventory findings revealed that the tree species stocking density around the villages adopted the intervention of muddy buildings is significantly (p> 0.05) better compared to the control (villages not participated in the program of muddy buildings). Institutional and financial factors are behind the low level of adoption and dissemination of muddy building innovation. The main conclusions drawn from the study are; muddy buildings contribute to the conservation and rehabilitation of the vegetation cover. Moreover, the study arrived at valuable recommendations emphasizing the importance of establishment of effective extension unit to raise the awareness of the local people about the importance of muddy building in conserving the environment, and consolidation of the efforts at the different levels to enhance the level of adoption.
Desertification, Vegetation Cover, Conservation, People Perception, Muddy Buildings
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