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Use of Azadirachtaindica, Metarhizium anisoplae, Carbaryl 85% EC and Malathion 57% EC to Control Aestivated Aspongopus viduatus (Hemiptera: Dinidoridae)
Current Issue
Volume 8, 2020
Issue 2 (June)
Pages: 59-67   |   Vol. 8, No. 2, June 2020   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 37   Since Mar. 9, 2020 Views: 257   Since Mar. 9, 2020
Authors
[1]
Mahgoub Ishag Abdalla, Department of Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Univercity of Misurata, Misurata, Libya; Departmenr of Crops Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Univercity of Piece, Elfulla, Sudan.
[2]
Elsyed Elbashir, Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Univercity of Khartoum, Shambat, Sudan.
[3]
Ahmed Ismail Ahmed Safi, Institute of GumArabic Research and Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[4]
Abobaker Elgilani Abobaker, Department of Crop Croduction, Faculty of Agriculture, Univercity of Sirte, Sirte, Libya.
Abstract
Melonbug Aspongopus viduatus could cause losses of 100% in water melon Citrulus lanatus (Thuab.). Control has relied on pesticides that are no longer safe, and relatively costive, these making its control difficult for the small farmers. This study initiated to investigate new control methods to reduce health and environmental hazards (toxicitytohuman, animal, non-target organisium, environmental contaminations, etc.), namely the use of friendly biocontrol (Azadirachtaindica, entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisoplae, Melsch), as well as less persestant pesticides (malathion 57% EC and carbaryl 85% EC), against the adult of melon bug Aspongopus viduatus during aestivation period (to avoid toxicity to man, animal, environment contaminations, non targed insects, reducing cost of control etc.) in thefield. The control was carried out using spray and dust methods during aestivation. Spray and dust materials were tested at different concentrations ranging between 25-50 g / h, 2.5% -1.25%, 425-850 g ai / L, and 256-570 ml ai / L for Metarhizium anisoplae, Azadirachta indica seed water extract, carbaryl, and malathion respectively. The results revealed that carbaryl, malathion, and malathion + sesame oil caused asignificant mortality in the test insect. The effect was dose-depending and the cumulative mortality caused by carbaryl was the best, followed by malathion and malathion + sesame oil for the high and low concentrations respectively; however, Azadirachtin and Metarhizium mortality never reached 10%, 21 days after application, even at higher concentrations, but the very important issue was that the mortality was dose dependant.
Keywords
Dinidoridae Bugs, Summer Dormancy, Biological, Botanical, Chemical, Agents
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