Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News Unsubscribe Page
Determining of Suitable Graft Method for Apple Propagation in Cool Climatic and High Altitude Conditions
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 3 (June)
Pages: 53-59   |   Vol. 2, No. 3, June 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 52   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1366   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Hamdi Zenginbal, Bolu Vocational College, AbantIzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.
[2]
Oguz Dolgun, Sultanhisar Vocational College, Sultanhisar, Aydın, Turkey.
Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine the most suitable budding methods in different apple cultivars. In this study, MM 109 was used as rootstock under field conditions. Granny Smith, Red Chief, Golden Delicious and Mondial Gala apple cultivars were used as grafting scions. The chip and T budding were grafting methods. All budding operations were done on the 25th April in 2012. Bud taking rate, bud sprouting rate, graft shoot diameter, shoot length and graft combinations were determined in this study. Bud taking and sprouting success resulted in sufficient values for all cultivars and grafting types. Also, satisfactory values for graft diameter and length shoot were obtained. The conclusion was that chip buddings were superior to T buddings; and Mondial Gala was superior to other cultivars in terms of graft shoot quality. Successful results were obtained in all grafting combinations of chip budding. The success could be attributed in chip budding that it caused the less necrotic tissue in blanking between rootstock and scion then better cambial continuity and vascular integration occurred.
Keywords
MalusCommunis L., Budding Methods, Graft Formation
Reference
[1]
Atay A. N., Atay E., Koyuncu F., 2010. A general view to current apple breeding programs in the world. BAHÇE, 39 (1): 31-44.
[2]
Alibert J.P., A. Masseron, 1976. Une technique de production d’un scion fruitier dans L’annee. CTIFL- Documents, 59:139-194.
[3]
Anonymous, 2013a. Available at: http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/Desktop Default. aspx? PageID=567#ancor (accessed January 12, 2014).
[4]
Anonymous, 2013b. Available at: http://tuikapp.tuik.gov.tr/bitkiselapp/bitkisel.zul (accessed January 16, 2014).
[5]
Anonymous, 2013c. Available at: http://www.mgm.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=BOLU (accessed January 18, 2014).
[6]
Czarneck B., 1990. Comparative study of two methods of apple budding. Horticultural Abstract, 60(2):3108.
[7]
Dolgun O., Tekintaş F.E., Ertan E., 2008. A histological ınvestigation on graft formation of some nectarine cultivars grafted on Pixy rootstock. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4 (5): 565-568.
[8]
Errea P., Felipe A., Herrero M., 1994. Graft establishment between compatible and incompatible Prunus spp. jour. of Experimental Botany, 45(272):393-401.
[9]
Gryzb Z.S., SitarekM., 1998. Growth and cropping of plums grafted on Pixy rootstock and planted in differentiated density, VI International Symposium on Plum and Prune Genetics, Breeding, Pomology, 478:14-16.
[10]
Güleryüz M., Ertürk Y., 2000. Growing of dwarf apple under Van ecological conditions, II. Nursery Symposium in Turkey, September 25-29, 2000, Ödemiş: 58.
[11]
Hartmann H.T., Kester D. E., Davies F.T.JR., Geneve L.R., 2002. Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices. Seventh Edition. Regents / Prentice Hall International Editions, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 880.
[12]
Howard B.H., Skene D.S., Coles J.S., 1974. The effects of different grafting methods upon the development of one-year-old nursery apple trees. Journal of American Social and Horticultural Sciences, 49 (3): 287-295.
[13]
Kadan H., Yarılgaç, T., 2005. Studies on propagation by dormant T-budding of apples and pears under Van ecological conditions. University of Van Yüzüncüyıl, Faculty of Agriculture Journal, 15(2): 167-176.
[14]
Kankaya A., ÖzyiğitS.,TekintaşF.E., Seferoglu G., 1999. Compatibility of some plum and apricot cultivars on pixy rootstock. Third National Horticulture Congress, Ankara, 1: 295-299.
[15]
Knowleds S.E., G.F. Mclaren P., GlucinaG.,Alspach P., 1994. Performance of `Sundrop' apricot on 23 rootstocks. New Zealand Journal of Crop Horticulture Science, 22: 419-430.
[16]
Kopuzoğlu N., Odabaş F., 1992. O.M.Ü. Ziraat fakültesinde bazı meyve türlerinin iç mekan aşısı ile çoğaltılması üzerine yapılan çalışmalar. I. Nursery Symposium in Turkey, October 13-16.10, 1992, İzmir:5-8.
[17]
Köksal İ., Kantarcı M., 1985. Ankara koşullarında haziran sürgün göz aşısı ile meyve fidanı üretme olanakları üzerinde bir araştırma. University of Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture Annual, 35(1-2-3-4):87, 92.
[18]
Küden A., 1988. Subtropik iklim koşullarında ılımaniklim meyve türleri fidanlarının yetiştirilme olanakları üzerine araştırmalar. (Ph. D. Thesis.) Adana, Çukurova University in Adana: 1-153.
[19]
Kvıklıs A.M., 1986. Rationalization of budding methods. Horticultural Abstract, 56:8511.
[20]
Mosse B., 1962. Graft Incompatibility in Fruit Trees. Comman Wealth Agricultural Bureaux, England, 36.
[21]
Polat M., Dolgun O., Yıldırım A., Aşkın M.A., Gökbayrak Z., 2010. Graft union formation of spur apple varieties grafted on different rootstocks. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment Vol.8 (2): 490- 493.
[22]
Skene D.S., Shepherd H.R., Howard B.H., 1983. Characteristic anatomy of union formation in T and chip-budded fruit and ornamental trees. Journal of Horticultural Science, 58(13): 295-299.
[23]
Stoyan I., 1984. The application of chip budding to fruit tree propagation. Horticultural Abstract, 54-5098.
[24]
Vachun, Z., 1995. Rootstock for apricot. The Current Situation and Main Problems, Acta Horticultural, 384:459-465.
[25]
Wertheim S.J., 1990. Results of plum-rootstock trials in the Netherlands. IV International Symposium on Plum and Prune Genetics, Breeding Pomol, 283:22-24.
[26]
Yılmaz M., 1992. Horticultural Crops Growing Techniques. Cukurova University Publications, Adana / Turkey: 1-150.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved