Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News Unsubscribe Page
Dietary Supplementation of Raw Spirulina platensis Increases the Growth Performance and Body Colouration in Guppy Fish (Poecilia reticulata)
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2018
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 56-64   |   Vol. 6, No. 3, September 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 14   Since Dec. 19, 2018 Views: 83   Since Dec. 19, 2018
Piyushani Iresha Sarathchandra, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science and export Agriculture, Uva Wellassa University, Badulla, Sri Lanka.
Anjula Sachintha Mahaliyana, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science and export Agriculture, Uva Wellassa University, Badulla, Sri Lanka.
Sepalika Chandrani Jayamanne, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal Science and export Agriculture, Uva Wellassa University, Badulla, Sri Lanka.
The present study investigated the effect of dietary supplementation of different percentages of raw Spirulina platensis (5, 10, 15, 20, and 25% w.w) on growth performance and colour enhancement in guppy Guppy fish red blonde (Poecilia reticulata). Dietary supplementation was conducted with a commonly used basic fish feed in the ornamental aquaculture sector and the same commercial feed (Prima 0®) was used as the control treatment. There were significantly high final mean body weight and mean body length (p<0.05) in the treatments that fish were fed with 5% raw Spiruina platensis incorporated diet. Fish fed with all the supplemented diets showed a significantly high mean length gain (p<0.05) compared to the control diet. There were no any significant differences among the specific growth rates (p>0.05) for all the treatments. All the supplemented diets showed a better feed conversion ratio compared to the control diet, yet there were no any significant differences (p>0.05) between the supplemented diets. There was a significant difference between the commercial feed and all the Spiruina platensis incorporated diets in terms of the colour intensity of the fish body (p<0.05). As per the results, incorporation of raw Spiruina platensis leads to improved growth performances and colour enhancement in guppy fish red blonde. However, the studied incorporation levels did not show significant differences for the studied parameters in the fish.
Colour Enhancement, Dietary Supplementation, Growth Performance, Poecilia Reticulata, Spirulina Platensis
Mohanty, D., & Samanta, L. (2018). Dietary supplementation of Spirulina ameliorates iron-induced oxidative stress in Indian knife fish Notopterus Notopterus. Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 61, 71-78.
Simpore, J., Kabore, F., Zongo, F., Dansou, D., Bere, A., Pignatelli, S.,... & Musumeci, S. (2006). Nutrition rehabilitation of undernourished children utilizing Spiruline and Misola. Nutrition journal, 5 (1), 3.
Khafaga, A. F., & El-Sayed, Y. S. (2018). Spirulina ameliorates methotrexate hepatotoxicity via antioxidant, immune stimulation, and proinflammatory cytokines and apoptotic proteins modulation. Life sciences, 196, 9-17.
Abdel-Daim, M. M. (2014). Pharmacodynamic interaction of Spirulina platensis with erythromycin in Egyptian Baladi bucks (Capra hircus). Small Ruminant Research, 120 (2-3), 234-241.
Adel, M., Yeganeh, S., Dadar, M., Sakai, M., & Dawood, M. A. (2016). Effects of dietary Spirulina platensis on growth performance, humoral and mucosal immune responses and disease resistance in juvenile great sturgeon (Huso huso Linnaeus, 1754). Fish & shellfish immunology, 56, 436-444.
Raghavan, R., Dahanukar, N., Tlusty, M. F., Rhyne, A. L., Kumar, K. K., Molur, S., & Rosser, A. M. (2013). Uncovering an obscure trade: threatened freshwater fishes and the aquarium pet markets. Biological Conservation, 164, 158-169.
Marudhupandi, T., Kumar, T. T. A., Prakash, S., Balamurugan, J., & Dhayanithi, N. B. (2017). Vibrio parahaemolyticus a causative bacterium for tail rot disease in ornamental fish, Amphiprion sebae. Aquaculture Reports, 8, 39-44.
Ghosh, A., Mahapatra, B. K., & Datta, N. C. (2003). Ornamental fish farming-successful small scale aqua business in India. Aquaculture Asia, 8 (3), 14-16.
Dernekbasi, S., Unal, H., Karayucel, I., & Aral, O. (2010). Effect of dietary supplementation of different rates of spirulina (Spirulina platensis) on growth and feed conversion in Guppy (Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1860). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9 (9), 1395-1399.
Görelşahin, S., Yanar, M., & Kumlu, M. (2018). The effects of stocking density, Tubifex feeding and monosex culture on growth performance of guppy (Poecilia reticulata) in a closed indoor recirculation system. Aquaculture, 493, 153-157.
Macias-Sancho, J., Poersch, L. H., Bauer, W., Romano, L. A., Wasielesky, W., & Tesser, M. B. (2014). Fishmeal substitution with Arthrospira (Spirulina platensis) in a practical diet for Litopenaeus vannamei: effects on growth and immunological parameters. Aquaculture, 426, 120-125.
Cao, S., Zhang, P., Zou, T., Fei, S., Han, D., Jin, J.,... & Xie, S. (2018). Replacement of fishmeal by spirulina Arthrospira platensis affects growth, immune related-gene expression in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio var. CAS III), and its challenge against Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Fish & shellfish immunology, 79, 265-273.
Raji, A. A., Alaba, P. A., Yusuf, I., Bakar, N. H. A., Taufek, N. H. M., Muin, H.,... & Razak, S. A. (2018). Fishmeal replacement with Spirulina Platensis and Chlorella vulgaris in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) diet: Effect on antioxidant enzyme activities and haematological parameters. Research in veterinary science.
Mustafa, M. G., Takeda, T., Umino, T., Wakamatsu, S., & Nakagawa, H. (1994). Effects of Ascophyllum and Spirulina meal as feed additives on growth performance and feed utilization of red sea bream, Pagrus major. Journal of the Faculty of Applied Biological Science-Hiroshima University (Japan).
Watanuki, H., Ota, K., Tassakka, A. C. M. A., Kato, T., & Sakai, M. (2006). Immunostimulant effects of dietary Spirulina platensis on carp, Cyprinus carpio. Aquaculture, 258 (1-4), 157-163.
Abdelkhalek, N. K., Ghazy, E. W., & Abdel-Daim, M. M. (2015). Pharmacodynamic interaction of Spirulina platensis and deltamethrin in freshwater fish Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus: impact on lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22 (4), 3023-3031.
Pandey, J. P., Pathak, N., & Tiwari, A. (2010). Standardization of pH and light intensity for the biomass production of Spirulina platensis. Journal of Algal Biomass Utilization, 1 (2), 93-102.
Gonzales, J., & John, M. (2012). Preliminary evaluation on the effects of feeds on the growth and early reproductive performance of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 51 (4), 412-417.
Hartig, S. M. (2013). Basic image analysis and manipulation in ImageJ. Current protocols in molecular biology, 102 (1), 14-15.
Teimouri, M., Amirkolaie, A. K., & Yeganeh, S. (2013). The effects of Spirulina platensis meal as a feed supplement on growth performance and pigmentation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture, 396, 14-19.
Olvera‐Novoa, M. A., Domínguez‐Cen, L. J., Olivera‐Castillo, L., & Martínez‐Palacios, C. A. (1998). Effect of the use of the microalga Spirulina maxima as fish meal replacement in diets for tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters), fry. Aquaculture research, 29 (10), 709-715.
Kim, S. S., Rahimnejad, S., Kim, K. W., & Lee, K. J. (2013). Partial replacement of fish meal with Spirulina pacifica in diets for parrot fish (Oplegnathus fasciatus). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 13 (2).
Nandeesha, M. C., Gangadhar, B., Varghese, T. J., & Keshavanath, P. (1998). Effect of feeding Spirulina platensis on the growth, proximate composition and organoleptic quality of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. Aquaculture Research, 29 (5), 305-312.
Nakazoe, J. I. (1986). Effect of supplementation of alga or lipids to the diets on the growth and body composition of nibbler Girella punctata Grey. Bull Tokai Reg Fish Res Lab, 120, 43-51.
Becker, E. W., & Venkataraman, L. V. (1984). Production and utilization of the blue-green alga Spirulina in India. Biomass, 4 (2), 105-125.
Moosavi, B. J., & Montajami, S. (2013). Assessment the Effect of Spirulina platensis as Supplemental Feed on Growth Performance and Survival Rate in Angel Fish (Pterophyllum scalare). Journal of Fisheries International, 8 (3), 74-77.
Lu, J., Yoshizaki, G., Sakai, K., & Takeuchi, T. (2002). Acceptability of raw Spirulina platensis by larval tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Fisheries science, 68 (1), 51-58.
Takeuchi, T., Lu, J. U. N., Yoshizaki, G., & Satoh, S. (2002). Effect on the growth and body composition of juvenile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Fisheries Science, 68 (1), 34-40.
Lu, J., Takeuchi, T., & Ogawa, H. (2003). Flesh quality of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fed solely on raw Spirulina. Fisheries science, 69 (3), 529-534.
Tongsiri, S., Mang-Amphan, K., & Peerapornpisal, Y. (2010). Effect of replacing fishmeal with Spirulina on growth, carcass composition and pigment of the Mekong giant catfish. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2 (3), 106-110.
Nur-E-Borhan, S. A. (1993). Pigmentation of Cultured Black Tiger Prawn by Feeding with a Spirulina-Supplemented Die, Bulletin of the Japanese Society for the Science of Fish, 59 (1), 165-169.
Promya, J., & Chitmanat, C. (2011). The effects of Spirulina platensis and Cladophora algae on the growth performance, meat quality and immunity stimulating capacity of the African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus). International Journal of agriculture and Biology, 13 (1).
Okada, S., Yamaguchi, M., Yamaguchi, K. & Watanabe, T. (1991). Pigmentation of Cultured Striped Jack Reared on Diets Supplemented with the Blue-Green Alga Spirulina maxima., 57 (7), 1403- 1406.
Mori, T., Muranaka, T., Miki, W., Yamaguchi, K., Konosu, S., & Watanabe, T. (1987). Pigmentation of cultured sweet smelt fed diets supplemented with a blue-green algae Spirulina maxima. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 53 (3), 433-438.
James, R., Sampath, K., Thangarathinam, R., & Vasudevan, I. (2006). Effect of dietary spirulina level on growth, fertility, coloration and leucocyte count in red swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri. Isr. J. Aquac. Bamidgeh, 58 (2): 97-104.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved