Productivity and Economics of Gum Arabic in Sheikan Locality, North Kordofan State, Sudan
The study was carried out to examine the economic analysis of gum Arabic production in Sheikan locality, North Kordofan state in 2015. 125 gum Arabic producers were selected by multi-stage random sampling from six villages in Sheikan locality namely (Alyafta, Alhamadya, Um-kitara, Alkarra, Alkaw and Aldamokya) and the structural questionnaire administered to obtain primary data, while secondary data were collected from relevant sources, references, books, journals and previous studies. Data collection was analyzed using suitable statistical tools such as descriptive statistics, partial budget analysis techniques and multiple regression analysis for production function analysis. Results revealed that average total area in Sheikan locality is 53.2 feddan, the average production and productivity in season is (18.8 and 0.89) Kantars or (846 and 40.1) Kg, respectively, while the productivity of tree is 0.863 Kg in season. The partial budget analysis result revealed that the total average variable cost, total revenue and gross margin of Gum Arabic is (2530.8, 13181 and 10650.2) SDG, respectively. The production function results showed that the majority of variable inputs significantly affect gum Arabic production.
Gum Arabic, Economic Analysis, Sheikan Locality, Sudan
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