The Net Return Assessment of Sorghum Production with Application of Terraces in Traditional Rain Fed Areas in Kassala State-Sudan
This study was mainly designed to assess the net return of the water harvesting technique "terraces” application for sorghum production in the traditional rain fed areas in Kassala state. The study area has been stratified into three main zones North Kassala (NK), South East Kassala (SEK), and South West Kassala (SWK). Then five locations were randomly selected from each zone according to the homogeneity in each location on accumulative annual rainfall amounts then a desired sample size of 10% was selected in each location. Both primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), independent t-test was used to answer research hypotheses and compare between zones in the study universe. Economically, the NPV for sorghum cultivation with water harvesting techniques has been estimated by comparing the net productivity benefit and the net production cost. The results obtained showed that the NPV was > 1 in SEK and SWK zones for sorghum production with water harvesting technique "terraces" which indicates its economical feasibility, and the NPV was < 1 in NK zone indicating it is less economically feasible for cultivation of sorghum with water harvesting technique "terraces" in the drier areas of Kassala state.
Net Return, Sorghum Productivity, Water Harvesting Technique (Terraces), Traditional Rain Fed
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