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The Net Return Assessment of Sorghum Production with Application of Terraces in Traditional Rain Fed Areas in Kassala State-Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 92-99   |   Vol. 5, No. 5, October 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 33   Since Oct. 18, 2017 Views: 1090   Since Oct. 18, 2017
Authors
[1]
Khidir Ramadan Sadig, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kassala, New Halfa, Sudan.
[2]
Sumaya Mohammed Moustafa, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kassala, New Halfa, Sudan.
[3]
Ibrahim Suliman Mohamed Ismail, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kassala, New Halfa, Sudan.
[4]
Mohamednour Abdelrahim, Drought Resilience Programme Department, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Gedarif, Sudan.
Abstract
This study was mainly designed to assess the net return of the water harvesting technique "terraces” application for sorghum production in the traditional rain fed areas in Kassala state. The study area has been stratified into three main zones North Kassala (NK), South East Kassala (SEK), and South West Kassala (SWK). Then five locations were randomly selected from each zone according to the homogeneity in each location on accumulative annual rainfall amounts then a desired sample size of 10% was selected in each location. Both primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), independent t-test was used to answer research hypotheses and compare between zones in the study universe. Economically, the NPV for sorghum cultivation with water harvesting techniques has been estimated by comparing the net productivity benefit and the net production cost. The results obtained showed that the NPV was > 1 in SEK and SWK zones for sorghum production with water harvesting technique "terraces" which indicates its economical feasibility, and the NPV was < 1 in NK zone indicating it is less economically feasible for cultivation of sorghum with water harvesting technique "terraces" in the drier areas of Kassala state.
Keywords
Net Return, Sorghum Productivity, Water Harvesting Technique (Terraces), Traditional Rain Fed
Reference
[1]
Ageeb Osman, 2001. Sorghum and wheat production in Sudan.
[2]
Ali Abdalla, Ministry of Agriculture, and Irrigation Kassala state annual report, 2009.
[3]
FAO, 1993. Water for Sustainable Food Production-UNCED Agenda 21: Targets and Cost Estimates. FAO, Rome.
[4]
Kunze, D. 2000. Economic assessment of water harvesting techniques: a demonstration of various methods. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 39(1): 69-91.
[5]
Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries Irrigation and Livestock MAFIL kassala state, 2015. Annual report page 18.
[6]
Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries Irrigation and Livestock MAFIL kassala state, 2015. Annual report page 37.
[7]
Mamoun Ibrahim Dawelbeit, Consultant- Sudan, March, 2008. Makombe, G., Sampath, R. K., 1999. A benefit-cost analysis of smallholder irrigated farms in Zimbabwe. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 13 (1), 1-12.
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SIFSIA and FAO (2008). Determinants of Current Food Price Hikes and their Implications in the Northern States of Sudan.
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[11]
Tabor, J. A., 1995. Improving crop yields in the Sahel by means of water harvesting. J. Arid Environ. 30, 83-106.
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