Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Natural Variation in Fruit and Seeds Characteristics of Adansonia digitata L. in Kordofan States, Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 1 (February)
Pages: 9-13   |   Vol. 5, No. 1, February 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 42   Since Jun. 11, 2017 Views: 1417   Since Jun. 11, 2017
Yahia I. M. Abutaba, Department of Forestry and Range Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies-University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan.
Missa A. Suliman, Forest National Corporation, West Kordofan, Elnhoud, Sudan.
Salih O. Tutu, Department of Forestry and Range Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies-University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan.
Osman E. A. Abdelkareem, Institute of Gum Arabic Research and Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan.
Muneer E. S. Eltahir, Institute of Gum Arabic Research and Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan.
The main aim of this paper was to assess the variation of the baobab seed sources and their extended areas in Kordofan states, Sudan. Fifty (50) fruits were sampled in each of the three climatic zones of Kordofan for morphological assessment. The experiment investigated the morphological characteristics of the fruit (length, weight, diameter and thickness of fruit cover), seed (weight, number of seed/fruit, width and thickness), pulp and powder weight as well as fiber weight in addition to morphometric characters. The obtained data was analyzed using analysis of variance by SAS software version 6.12. and the means were separated using Duncan New Multiple Range Test. The results showed that fruits length, thickness of fruits cover, seed weight, number of seed/ fruit, seed length, seed width and fiber weight were significantly different in the three seed sources. While seeds from Kadugli showed high significant compared with Elnhoud and Kazgail. The significant variation in fruit and seed morphometric characters among and within the provenances of Adansonia digitata may reflect the overriding impact of both environmental and genetic variation and this can be assumed to reflect true genetic variation and adaptation to different environmental conditions and soil type. It is concluded that a multi-site field seed sources trial is required for more useful information about the studied seed sources for the eco-climatologically adaptation
Baobab, Morphologic Characterization, Variation, and Kordofan
Abdelkheir, R. M. Ibrahim, A., and Khalil, A. (2003). Provenance variation in seed and germination characteristics of Acacia karoo, Sudan Silva, 9(2).
Abutaba, Yahia I. M. at el., (2015). Variation in Morphometric haracteristics and Effect of Storage and Temperature on Neem Seeds from Different Provenances in Sudan, The Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences, 2(2), 437-443.
Adona, A. (2008). Propagation technique of baobab (Adansonia digitata) vegetative multiplication and tests of germination per substrates, scarification and seeds origin in Benin, M.Sc thesis, University of Abomey Calavi, Benin.
Assogbadjo, A. E., Gle`le` Kakaı,¨ R., Edon, S., Kyndt, B. and Sinsin, B. (2011). Natural variation in fruit characteristics, seed germination and seedling growth of Adansonia digitata L. in Benin. New Forest 41:113–125.
Assogbadjo, A. E., Sinsin, B., Codjia, J. T. C. and Van Damme, P. (2005). Ecological diversity and pulp, seed and kernel production of the baobab (Adansonia digitata) in Benin. Belg. J. Bot. 138(1):47–56.
Debeaujon, I., Léon-Kloosterzie, K. M. and Koornneef, M. (2000). Influence of the Testa on Seed Dormancy, Germination, and Longevity in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology, 122, 403-414.
El Amin, H. M. (1990). Trees and Shrubs of the Sudan. Ithaca Press Exeter 1990, England.
Fenner, M. (1980). Some measurements on the water relations of baobab trees. Biotropica 12, 205-209.
Fenner, M. (1985). Seed ecology. Published Chapman and Hall. ISBN 9780412259302.
Gebuer, J, El-Siddig, K., and Elbert, G. (2002). Baobab (Adansonia digitata): a Review on multipurpose tree with promising future in the Sudan, Gartenbauwissenschaft, 64 (4). 155-160, 2002, ISSN 0016-478x.
Gurashi, Nasreldin A. and Kordofani, Maha A. Y. (2014). “Morphological Variation in Fruit Shapes of Adansonia digitata L. From Blue Nile and North Kordofan States, Sudan. JOURNAL OF FOREST PRODUCTS & INDUSTRIES, 2014, 3(2), 106-111 ISSN: 2325–4513(PRINT) ISSN 2325 - 453X (ONLINE).
Heywood, V. H. (1993). Flowering plants of the world, Oxford University Press, Updated edition (November 25, 1993).
Mahjoub, S. (2001). Effect of storage temperature, maturity stage and fruit pulp on viability of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed in Sudan. Proc. of the IUFRO Symposium, Philippines, pp: 31-41.
Ottaiviani, M. (2004). In market brief in the European Union for selected natural ingredients derived for native species (Adansonia digitata), the United Nations conference on trade and development.
Parkouda, C., Sanou, H., Tougiani, A., Korbo, A., Nielsen, D. S., Tano-Debrah, K., Ræbild, A., Diawara, B. and Jensen, J. S. (2012). Variability of Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruits’ physicalcharacteristics and nutrient content in the West African Sahel. Agroforest Syst 85:455–463.
Raddad, A. Y. (2007). Ecological and genetic variation in seedlings traits and in first-year field performance of eight Acacia senegal provenances in Blue Nile, Sudan.
SAS Institute Inc. (1996). SAS user's guide. Version 6.11.SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
Sidibe, M. and Williams, J. T. (2002). Baobab. Adansonia digitata. International Center for Underutilized Crops, UK.
Souza, M. L., and Fagundes, M. (2014). Seed Size as Key Factor in Germination and Seedling Development of Copaifera langsdorffii (Fabaceae), American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2566-2573.
Swart, E. R. (1963). Age of the baobab tree, Nature 198, 708-709.
Venter, F and J. A. Venter, (1996). Making the most of indigenous trees. Briza Publications, Singapore, ISBN187509302.
Von Breitenbach, F. (1985). Aantekeninge oor diegroeitempovan aange plante keeremetartbome (Adansonia digitat).
Westoby, M., Falster, D. S., Moles, A. T., Vesk, P. A., and Wright, I. J. (2002). Plant ecological strategies: Some Leading Dimensions of Variation between Species. Reviews in advance annurev. Ecolsys, 33.010802.15045.
Wickens, G. E. (1982). The baobab—Africa’s upside-down tree. Kew Bulletin 37: 173–209.
Yanlong, H., Mantang, W., Shujun, W., Yanhui, Z., Tao, M. and Guozhen, D. (2007). Seed Size Effect on Seedling Growth under Different Light Conditions in the Clonal Herb Ligulariavirgaurea in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27, 3091-3108.
Zhang, J. (1998). Variation and allometry of seed weight in Aeschynomeneamericana. Annals of Botany, 82, 843–847.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved