The main aim of this paper was to assess the variation of the baobab seed sources and their extended areas in Kordofan states, Sudan. Fifty (50) fruits were sampled in each of the three climatic zones of Kordofan for morphological assessment. The experiment investigated the morphological characteristics of the fruit (length, weight, diameter and thickness of fruit cover), seed (weight, number of seed/fruit, width and thickness), pulp and powder weight as well as fiber weight in addition to morphometric characters. The obtained data was analyzed using analysis of variance by SAS software version 6.12. and the means were separated using Duncan New Multiple Range Test. The results showed that fruits length, thickness of fruits cover, seed weight, number of seed/ fruit, seed length, seed width and fiber weight were significantly different in the three seed sources. While seeds from Kadugli showed high significant compared with Elnhoud and Kazgail. The significant variation in fruit and seed morphometric characters among and within the provenances of Adansonia digitata may reflect the overriding impact of both environmental and genetic variation and this can be assumed to reflect true genetic variation and adaptation to different environmental conditions and soil type. It is concluded that a multi-site field seed sources trial is required for more useful information about the studied seed sources for the eco-climatologically adaptation
Baobab, Morphologic Characterization, Variation, and Kordofan
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