Involvement of Gum Arabic Producers' Associations in Promoting Gum Arabic Production and Marketing in Ennuhud and West Bara Localities, Sudan
The current study was carried out during the period from January 2012 to January 2014 in two important gum arabic producing areas: Ennuhud Locality in West Kordofan State and West Bara Locality in North Kordofan State, Sudan. It dealt with the role of Gum Arabic Producers' Associations (GAPAs) in gum arabic production and marketing in the targeted localities, in addition to general services provided by these associations. The study was based on primary and secondary data. Besides personal observations, primary data were collected using three types of structured questionnaires that were designed, pre-tested, and then randomly distributed among three groups of respondents: executive committees of associations, village local committees and members of associations. Secondary data were obtained from relevant sources, references and pertinent institutions. Data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS), where descriptive statistical analysis was applied. The stakeholders involved in production and marketing of gum arabic in the two localities were GAPAs (63%), followed by Donors Aid Fund (33.3%) and village merchants (3.7%). Findings revealed that selection of GAPAs executive committee has been completed via agreement and/or conformity; nonetheless significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) were reported between methods of selecting such identities in the two localities. The results pointed that the majority of executive committee members (88.9%) were fully satisfied by the efforts towards their members. The main services provided by GAPAs and acknowledged by the producers were mainly extension, marketing and finance, education, health and water. There were significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) between the two localities with regard to extension services provided by GAPAs. The results showed that shortage of drinking water was the main problem in the targeted area. Considerable portion of respondents (64.4%) assured that water problem received low attention from the responsible agents. The study recommended that improving efficiency and capacity building of GAPAs committee members, promoting the spirit of entrepreneur within the gum producers as well as provision of infrastructure and basic needs are essential for settlement of producers.
Associations, Committees, Conformity, Capacity Building, Infrastructure, Water Shortage
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