Contribution of Non-wood Forest Products in Support of Livelihoods of Rural People Living in the Area South of Blue Nile State, Sudan
This study was undertaken to identify the role of non-wood forest products to forest-based rural livelihoods. NWFPs considered having very significant contribution in poverty alleviation and resource conservation; therefore, there are many global studies have dug deep in this subject and made it clear, but still the subject needs more consideration. The objective of study is mainly conducted to explore and find out the contribution of non-wood forest products in supporting rural livelihoods in the area south Blue Nile state. Primary data were collected through use of household questionnaire from eight villages located in four localities representing the southern part of Blue Nile state. Secondary data obtained through Focus Group Discussions, records, similar studies, reports and observations. The analysis of the data is mainly to assess the contribution of NWFPs in supporting livelihood of rural people living in the study area. The results of the study show that the majority of respondents (76%) are practicing farming as the main livelihood activity in the area, while (90%) of them are dependents on forest related activities for subsistence and income diversification. The study also revealed that collection of NWFPs is affected by the economic, social, cultural and geographical location of households, and it is performed by all household members, and that women have the highest share in collection process (62%). The study also indicated that NWFPs are traditionally collected to cope with uncertainties in agriculture production, and the average annual income generated by NWFPs per household is (SDG 6,612) which indicates higher income contribution to households (34%) compared to other levels of income combination, that ensures positive role of NWFPs to generate sustainable income for food and livelihood security.
Rural People, Livelihoods, Non-Wood Forest Products, Income
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