Effect of Row Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Stands
An experiment was conducted at the Crop Botany Field Laboratory of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, during the period extended from November 2010 to April 2011 to study the effect of row spacing on the growth and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea). The experiment comprised five row spacings viz. 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 cm which was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Plant to plant distance in a row for all the row spacing treatment was maintained as 15 cm. Result showed that row spacing had significant effect on growth and yield contributing characters such as plant height, number of branches/plant, leaf area index, dry matter accumulation, pod/plant, 1000-seed weight, pod or seed yield, biological yield and harvest index. It is evident that crop stature increased due to the closing of row spacing from 35 to 15 cm but the number of branches/plant has been decreased. Crops grown with wider row produced larger number of pod/plant, heavier seed and higher harvest index. Wider row spacing (i.e. 35 cm) although facilitated to accumulate larger dry matter/plant, however greater accumulation of biomass per unit of land was occurred at 20 cm inter row distance. Crop grown with 20 cm row spacing produced the highest seed yield (2.01 t/ha) and pod yield (2.82 t/ha), and thereafter the yield decreased gradually with widening the row spacing.
Growth, Management, Peanut, Row Spacing, Yield
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