Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News Unsubscribe Page
The Impact of Fishing Pressure on Kapenta (Limnothrissa miodon) Production in Lake Kariba, Zambia: A Case Study of Siavonga District
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 107-116   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, December 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 15   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1106   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Matthews Chali, Ministry of Finance and National Planning, P. O. Box 50062, Lusaka, Zambia.
Confred G. Musuka, The Copperbelt University, School of Natural Resources, P. O. Box 21692, Kitwe, Zambia.
Bright Nyimbili, The Copperbelt University, School of Natural Resources, P. O. Box 21692, Kitwe, Zambia.
The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of the fishing pressure on Kapenta (Limnothrissa miodon) production in Lake Kariba situated in the Southern province of Zambia. The study revealed that there was an increase in fishing effort from 423 fishing rigs in 2009 to 800 fishing rigs in 2013. The Kapenta stocks had been greatly overexploited considering that the CPUE had decreased from 0.187tons/boat/night in 2000 to 0.085 tons/boat/night in 2012. Kapenta catches averaged three crates per rig/night (which was equivalent to 60kg (0.06 metric tons) while in the past, catches could go up to as much as ten crates or more per rig/night (about 0.2 metric tons). It was therefore, observed that fishing effort was the major contributing factor towards poor catches being experienced due to high influx of cheaper vessels.
Fishing Pressure, Kapenta, Impact, Limnothrissa miodon, Production
Balon, E.K., and Coche, A.G., (1974). Lake Kariba: A Man Made Tropical Ecosystem in Central Africa., Dr.W.Junkb.v publishers, The Hague, 1974.
Barson, M., (2010). National Working Group for Regional Trade Strategy Development 4th -5th June 2010, Zimbabwe. SmartFish Meeting Report No 040. Indian Ocean Commission-SmartFish Programme. 5th floor, Blue Tower – P.O. Box 7, Ebène, Mauritius
Bourdillon, M.F.C., Cheater, A.P. and Murphree, M.W. (1985), Studies of Fishing on Lake Kariba. Mambo Occasional Papers - Socio-Economic Series No. 20. Mambo Press, Harare, Zimbabwe, 185 pp
Chipungu, P., (1993): "Review of Draft Proposal for the Management of the Zambian Inshore Fisheries on Lake Kariba" Zambia-Zimbabwe SADC Fishery Project Report. November, 1993.
Chipungu, P. and Moinuddin H., (1994). Management of Lake Kariba inshore fisheries (Zambia) a proposal. Zambia/Zimbabwe/SADC. Fisheries Project lake kariba, Project Report 32:20p (plus Annex).
COCHE, A.G., (1968). Description of physico-chemical aspects of Lake Kariba, an impoundment in Zambia/Rhodesia. Fisheries Research Bulleting Zambia 5: 200–267.
COCHE, A.G., (1974). Limnological study of a Tropical Reservoir. In Balon, E. and Collart, A. (1960) L’introduction du Stolothrissa tanganicae (Ndagala) au Lac Kivu. Bull. Agricole du Congo Belge 51, 975-985.
Cowx, I. G., (1997). Introduction of fish species into European fresh waters: Economic successes or ecological disasters? Bull. Francais De La PecheEt La Pisciculture, No.344-45, 1997, pp 57-77.
FAO, (1995). The market for fish and fish products in Zimbabwe
FAO, (2012). Report of the Fifth Technical Consultation on Development and Management of the Fisheries of Lake Kariba, Siavonga, Zambia, 11-13 September 2012. 4p. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report, No. Rome, FAO. 2012. 35p.
Losse, G. F., (1998). The Small Scale Fishery on lake Kariba in Zambia
Jackson, P.B.N., (1961), the present condition of Northern Rhodesia Fisheries. Joint Fisheries Research Organisation , Samfya
Jul-Larsen E., (2003). Analysis of effort dynamics in the Zambian inshore fisheries of Lake Kariba, in Management, co-management or no-management? Major dilemmas in southern African freshwater fisheries, E. Jul-Larsen, J. Kolding, R. Overå, J. Raakjær Nielsen & P.A.M. van Zwieten, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 426/2. Rome, FAO.
Karenge, L.P. and Kolding, J., (1995). Inshore fish population changes in Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe. pp. 245-275 In T.J. Pitcher & P.J.B. Hart (eds.) Impact of species changes in African lakes, Chapman& Hall, London.
Karenge, L.P. and Kolding J. (1995). On the relationship between hydrology and fisheries in man-made Lake Kariba central Africa. Fisheries Research 22: 205-226.
Kinadjian, L (2012). Bioeconomic Analysis of the Kapenta Fisheries. Mission Report No.1. Report/Rapport: SF-FAO/2012/09. FAO-SmartFish Programme of the Indian Ocean Commission, Ebene, Mauritius.
Kolding, J., (1994). On the ecology and exploitation of fish in fluctuating fresh water systems. Department of Fisheries and Marine Biology, University of Bergen, Norway.
Kolding, J., Musando, B. and Songoro, N. (2003). Inshore fisheries and fish population changes in Lake Kariba, p.66-100. In E. Jul-Larsen, J.Kolding, J.R. Nielsen, R.Overa. van Zwieten (eds.) 2003. Management, Co-management or no Management? Major dilemmas in Southern African freshwater fisheries. Part 2: Case studies. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 426/2. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Kwesiga, F., Franzel, S., Place, F., Phiri, D. and Simwanza, P., (1999) ‘Sesbania sesban improved fallows in eastern Zambia: Their inception, development and farmer enthusiasm’. 47: 49-66
LusakaTimes.com, (July 31, 2010). Illegal fishing vessels threatens Kapenta industry on Lake Kariba
Madamombe, L. 2002. The economic development of the kapenta fishery Lake Kariba (Zimbabwe/Zambia). Unpublished MSc thesis, Norwegian College of Fishery Science. University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.
Magadza C.H.D. 2006. Kariba reservoir: Experience and lessons learned. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management. Vol. 11(4)271-286.
Magadza, C.H.D., (2008). Limnology news from Zimbabwe. SILnews52, 12-13.
Malasha I., (2003). The emergence of colonial and post-colonial fisheries regulations: the case of Zambia and Zimbabwe, in Management, co-management or no-management? Major dilemmas in southern African freshwater fisheries, E. Jul-Larsen, J. Kolding, R. Overå, J. Raakjær Nielsen & P.A.M. van Zwieten, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 426/2. Rome, FAO.
Malasha I., (2005), Fisheries co-management: a comparative analysis of the Zambian and Zimbabwean inshore fisheries of Lake Kariba, D.Phil. thesis, Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe.
Marshall, B.E., (October 1992). Relationship between Catch and Effort and its effect on predicted yields of Sardine Fisheries in Lake Kariba.
Marshall, B.E., (1992). Limnothrissamiodon and its fisheries in the African Lakes, Consultancy Report to the impact of species changes in African lakes, sponsored by ODA at MRAG ltd., London.
Marshall, B.E., (1993). Biology of the African Clupeid Limnothrissa miodon with reference to its small size in artificial lakes. Rev.Fish.biol.3, 17-38.
Matthes, H., (1968). Preliminary investigations into the biology of the Lake Tanganyika Clupeidae. Fish.Res.Bull. Zambia, 4:39–45
Mbewe, M., Mweemba, C., Habulembe, I. and Silwimba, E. (2011). Lake Kariba Frame Survey Report, (2011). FAO report CSO – Agriculture and Environment Division; DOF – Central Fisheries Research Institute, Lusaka. 25pp
Miracle, M., (1962). Apparent changes in the structure of African commerce, Lusaka 1954-1959, Northern Rhodesia Journal, vol. 5, no. 2, 170-175.
Moreau, J. (ed.), (1997). Advances in the ecology of Lake Kariba. University of…….
Moyo, N.A.G., (1990). ‘’The inshore fish yield potential of Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe.’’ African Journal of Ecology 28: 227-233
Ndebele-Murisa, M.R.; Mashonjowa, E.; Hill, T., (2011).The implications of a changing climate on the Kapenta fish stocks of Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa (2011) 66 (2) 105-119. [DOI: 10.1080/0035919X.2011.600352.
Paulet, G., (2013). Kapenta Rig Survey of the Zambian Waters of Lake Kariba. SF/ 2014/ 45 Programme for the implementation of a Regional Fisheries Strategy for the Eastern and Southern Africa – Indian Ocean Region. Indian Ocean Commission Blue Tower 5th floor, rue de l'Institut Ebene, Mauritius Tel: +230 402 6100 Fax: +230 466 0160 smartfish@coi-ioc.org. www.coi-ioc.org www.smartfish-coi.org.
Tryness, M., (April 2, 2013). Zambia Daily Mail, Kapenta prices increases.
Workshop Report 4th-5th June 2012. 2nd Smartfish Working Group Meeting Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Publications, Harare, Zimbabwe, 270 pp.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved