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Assessment of Heavy Metals Concentration in the Sewage Treatment Pond of the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 96-100   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, December 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 31   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1176   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Haruna M. A., Department of Fisheries, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
[2]
Yunusa A., National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
[3]
Umar R., National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
[4]
Barak Z., Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
[5]
Ahmad M. K., Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Abstract
Heavy metal concentration of the water in the sewage treatment pond of the Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria, was studied between April and September, 2007 using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) Analysis. The Mean± S.E of ten (10) Heavy Metals observed during the study is as follows: Vanadium 0.75±0.07mg/L; Chromium 0.69±0.04mg/L; Manganese 0.61±0.06mg/L; Iron 0.40±0.03mg/L; Cobalt 0.31±0.02mg/L; Nickel 0.25±0.02mg/L; Copper 0.25±0.02mg/L; Zinc 0.31±0.08mg/L; Arsenic 0.24±0.02mg/L and Lead 0.31±0.08/L. Metal Index of between 67.32 - 93.72 was observed during the study period. Metals like Lead, Arsenic, Nickel, Iron, Manganese and Chromium showed concentrations above NIS and WHO Maximum Allowable Concentration for drinking water while metals like Zinc and Copper showed concentrations below the NIS and WHO Maximum Allowable Concentration for drinking water, Vanadium and Cobalt had no values for comparison.
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Maximum Allowable, Concentration, Drinking Water
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