Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Severe Blight Diseases of Turf Grass Induced by Fungi Species in the Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 4 (December)
Pages: 53-57   |   Vol. 5, No. 4, December 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 41   Since Jan. 1, 2019 Views: 959   Since Jan. 1, 2019
Authors
[1]
Ahmed Hashim Ahmed, Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
[2]
Elnair Akasha Mohammed, Department of Crop Protection, Kenana Sugar Research and Development, Kenana, Sudan.
Abstract
The present study was conducted in Khartoum State in fifteen locations to investigate turf grass diseases. Turf grasses (lawns) are cultivated in private and public gardens andcourts are getting special importance in Khartoum State in recent years. However, blight disease- like symptoms have been observed in different gardens in Khartoum State. Therefore, the present research was conducted to study the blight disease of turf grass in Khartoum State. Theresults revealed the infection of turf grass fields surveyed with four fungi; namely, Fusarium nivale, Drechslera spicifera, Rizoctonia solani and Curvularia lunata. The identity of these fungi was confirmed by Blotter tests and culture in PDA. The association of these fungi with turf grass blight disease was confirmed by pathogenicity tests, which revealed identical symptoms of turf grass blight with those associated with the disease in the fields in private and public gardens and courts. The results of the present work are in agreement with the work reported by Lebean (1960), Smiley et al., (1992), and Nancy (1997), who showed the importance of applying Koch’s postulate to confirm the identification of the fungi causing blight diseases of Bermuda grasses.
Keywords
Bermuda Grass, Blight Diseases, Fungi Species, Management
Reference
[1]
Ahmed, H. A, and Edris, M. O (2007). Note on Rhizoctonia blight in Khartoum State, Sudan 2pp.
[2]
Austin Hagan, (2005). Extension, Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Auburn.
[3]
Booth, C. (1977). Laboratory guide to identification of major species of Fusarium, commonwealth mycological institute pp.7.
[4]
Duncan, R. R. (2007). PhD Turf Ecosystems LLC.
[5]
Fallon, R. E (1975). Curvulariatri folii as a high-temperature turf grass pathogen. N. Z. T. Agric. Res. 19:243- 248.
[6]
Grampton B. (1974). Grasses in California University of California Press, Berkeley, California. pp178.
[7]
Hassan, A. E. and Alasha, E. A. (2008). Intercropping state of using local cowpea or sorghum bicolor on striga hermanthica control and yield of sorghum bicolor. Sudan Journal of Agriculture Research 2008 11 pp53-65.
[8]
Huang, J. B, Zheng, L. and Hsiang, T. (2004). First report of leaf spot caused by Curvularia affinis on Festuca arundinaceain Hubei, China. Plant Disease88, 104.
[9]
Larry, S (2000). Development of Agriculture and food division of plant industry UTAH.
[10]
Lebean J. B (1960). Reistance of legumes to low-temperature organisms. Eighnlns. Grass Land Congr. Proc and 8A. 197-200.
[11]
McBeath, J. H. (2002). Snow mold-plant-antagonist interactions, survivalof the fittest under the snow. www.apsnet.org/online/feature/snow mold/Verified Nov. 29, 2002.
[12]
Nancy R. and Pataky, (1997). Extension specialist and Director of the plant Clinic, Development of Crop Sciences at the University of ILLINOIS, Urbana-Champaign.
[13]
Miley, R., Dernoeden, P. & Clarke, B. (2002). Compendium of Turf grass Diseases. APS Press 2nd Edition.
[14]
Peter, L. (2007). Management of turf diseases Pennsylvania stateuniversity. 112 agriculture administration building.
[15]
Robert, B. S. (1975). The diagnosis of plant diseases a field and laboratory manual emphasizing the most practical methods for rapid identification University of Aripona Press.
[16]
Smiley, R. W. Dernoeden, R. H and Clarke, B. B, (1992). Compendium, of turf grass diseases. The American Psychopathological Society St. Paul, M. N.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved