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Yeild Attributing Agromorphological Traits of Promising Genotypes of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea)
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Volume 5, 2018
Issue 2 (June)
Pages: 17-20   |   Vol. 5, No. 2, June 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 37   Since Jul. 25, 2018 Views: 1016   Since Jul. 25, 2018
Himanshu Punetha, Department of Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttrakhand, India.
Usha Pant, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttrakhand, India.
Amit Verma, Department of Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Palanpur, Gujarat, India.
Rapeseed mustard is an important oil crop and grown in various parts globally. The crop is utilized for various purposes and its seed oil is used for cooking, dermal application, oiling etc. Various mustard genotypes available vary in their yield as well as nutritional profile. Thus the present study was conducted for agromorphological characterization of 16 quality germplasms accessions of Brassica juncea. Different agromorphological traits viz. Plant height (cm), Main shoot length (cm), No of siliqua on main shoot, Siliqua length (cm), Beak length (cm), No. of 1° branches, No. of 2° branches, No. of seeds present in pod, Siliqua density were examined at crop maturity along with the Yield per plant (g) and 1000 seed weight (g). The plant height was observed to maximum in accession F4F5-5 (141.67±43.73cm), the number of siliquae on main shoot were observed maximum in accession DCF4-F5-3 (24±1.73) and the siliqua length was observed maximum in accessionPRQ-2002-4 (3.83cm±0.29). The number of secondary branches and 1000 seed weight was recorded maximum in F4-F5-2 (10.67±4.04). The yield per plant was highest in F3-F4-1 (6.69g). The present study will be useful in breeding programme for the selection of elite germplasms of Brassica juncea.
Indian Mustard, Agromorphological Traits, Quality, Yield, Genotypes
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