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The Investigation of Periwinkle Shell-Rice Husk Composite as a Replacement for Granite in Concrete
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2017
Issue 1 (January)
Pages: 1-5   |   Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 128   Since Jun. 11, 2017 Views: 1593   Since Jun. 11, 2017
Authors
[1]
F. N. Orji, Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, College of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umudike, Nigeria.
[2]
C. C. Egwuonwu, Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Owerri, Nigeria.
[3]
S. N. Asoegwu, Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Owerri, Nigeria.
Abstract
This research work involves the investigation of periwinkle-rice composite as a replacement for granite in concrete. Characterization of the rice husk, and periwinkle shells were determined and compared. The percentage replacement was 0%:100%, 20%:80%, 40%:60%, 60%:40%, 80%:20% and 100%:0% and the mix adopted were 1:2:1 for the first treatment (control) and 1:1:1 for the second treatment. Compressive strength tests were carried out on the periwinkle-rice husk and granite concrete cubes. Concrete cubes with periwinkle-rice husk as coarse aggregate were lighter with low compressive strengths compared to the normal weight concrete. The results revealed that the specific gravity of rice husk, periwinkle shells and granite were 1.35, 1.48 and 2.54. The average bulk density of the periwinkle shells, rice husk and crushed granite were 1550 kg/m3, 430 kg/m3 and 2490 kg/m3 respectively. From the slump test, the periwinkle-rice composite is not workable because the cubes gave a harsh mix, lower amount of superplasticizer agent would be needed to facilitate extremely high water reduction, high flowability as well as internal cohesiveness in the concrete cubes. The 35-day compressive strength test for both mixes 1:2:1 and 1:1:1 shows that the concrete mix of 1:2:1 gave the highest strength. However, there was a gain in compressive strength in the ratio 80% periwinkle: 20% rice husk with value 12.37N/mm2 for 1:1:1 since its value is within the specified grade of 15N/mm2 for Grade 15 light weight concrete. From this study, it can be concluded that periwinkle-rice husk can be used as a light weight concrete for the replacement of granite in concrete.
Keywords
Periwinkle, Rice Husk, Compressive Strength, Granite, Concrete, Superplasticizer
Reference
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