Factors Affecting Farmers’ Choice of Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Control Methods in Lamu County, Kenya
Tsetse flies and trypanosomiasis affects 37 sub-Saharan African countries impacting lives of about 60 million people and 48 million cattle. It is one of the greatest constraints to agricultural development in the sub-humid and humid zones of Africa that needs to be removed if the Sustainable Development Goals and Kenya’s Vision 2030 goals of poverty reduction and food security is to be achieved. This study assessed the factors influencing farmers’ choice of Integrated Methods (IM), Moving Targets (MT), Insecticide Treated Targets (ITT) and Trypanocidal Drugs/Ethno-veterinary practices (TD) as methods used to control tsetse and trypanosomiasis in Lamu County, Kenya. A structured questionnaire was used to collect Social and economic data from a random sample of 536 farm households. Multinomial Logit regression results showed that the odds of a household choosing IM over TD increased 1.046 times (Sig. =0.002) when the Tropical Livestock Units in the household increased by one unit. When the household's distance from dips, crush pens or insecticide treated target screens increased by 1 kilometre, the odds of choosing IM over TD decreased 0.861 times (Sig.= 0.000), that of choosing MT over TD decreased 0.908 times (Sig. = 0.007) and that of choosing ITT over TD decreased 0.684 times (Sig = 0.000). A one year increase in level of education of the head of household led to 1.075 folds increase in the odds of choosing IM over TD (Sig.= 0.027). When a household was headed by a female, the odds of choosing IM over TD increased 18.672 times (Sig. = 0.000) compared to 9.952 times when household head was male. The odds of choosing IM over TD decreased 0.119 times (Sig. = 0.003) when IM was not available and when the cost was low; the odds of choosing the IM method over TD increased 2.54 times (Sig. = 0.012) and that of choosing ITT increased 3.178 times (Sig. = 0.031)). When IM was not effective, the odds of choosing the method over TD decreased 0.342 times (Sig=0.001) and when extension service was not available, the odds of choosing IM over TD decreased 0.41 times (Sig. = 0.011). The study recommends that National Government, County governments and development agencies to consider household characteristics, technological factors and institutional factors when introducing new technologies to farmers. The County Governments to formulate policies that encourage Small and Micro-Enterprises to establish input shops to increase farmers’ accessibility to the tsetse control technologies.
Factors, Tsetse, Trypanosomiasis, Control, Methods, Technologies, Choice
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