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Castor (Ricinus communis L.) Plant: Medicinal, Environmental and Industrial Applications
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2018
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 78-91   |   Vol. 3, No. 5, October 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 43   Since Oct. 10, 2018 Views: 523   Since Oct. 10, 2018
Authors
[1]
Aliyu Ahmad Warra, Centre for Entrepreneurial Development, Federal University, Gusau, Nigeria.
Abstract
Ricinus communis L. a bioenergy crop shows great potential for many domestic and industrial uses. The bean of the castor plant (Ricinus communis, L) has been recognized since antiquity in many parts of the world for its value. The potential of castor plant products in industrial and domestic uses made castor a valuable resource with multiple applications. Due to organic richness and less side effects of medicinal plants, researches have been in the increase. Despite its toxic effects, Ricinus communis L. has been used in many parts of the world for treatment of various ailments. In this review an attempt was made to have insight at developing commercial products from castor plant. Concise overview of present findings and literature reports are in favour of steps for the development of cultivation of the plant and better processing of its products that could substantially be useful for environmental and industrial applications. The review mainly centred on the prospects for castor in phytoremediation of contaminated lands, medicinal uses, industrial and domestic applications of its products. It showed that the plant has wide applications in environmental phytoremediation, generation of feed-grade supplements, production of bioenergy from biofuels, preparation of cleansing agents, polymer and composites production, industrial preparation of polyurethanes, application in textile and dyes, production of corrosion inhibitors, medicinal and pharmaceutical applications, possession of antimicrobial activity, possession of phytochemicals, applications in biotechnology, nanotechnology and conversion of waste to wealth.
Keywords
Ricinus communis L., Environmental, Domestic, Industrial, Bioresource
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