Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Constraints to Effective Participation of Women in Irrigation in Bakolori Irrigation Project, Zamfara, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2017
Issue 3 (June)
Pages: 25-30   |   Vol. 2, No. 3, June 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 27   Since Aug. 2, 2017 Views: 616   Since Aug. 2, 2017
Sa’adu Mafara Abubakar, Department of Preliminary Studies, Abdu Gusau Polytechnic, Talata Mafara, Zamfara, Nigeria.
Muhammad Nuraddeen Danjuma, Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Khaltume SG Mustapha, Department of Business Administration, Abdu Gusau Polytechnic, Talata Mafara, Zamfara, Nigeria.
Agriculture is the main livelihood of majority of rural people in Nigeria. It provides food, employment and essential raw materials for the people hence an activity that is studied by many. The aim of this study is to examine the constraints to effective participation of women in irrigation activities in Bakolori Scheme with a view to offer recommendations that will improve access to resources by women so as to tackle cyclic food shortages in Nigeria. This study was conducted in Talata Mafara, Bakura and Maradun; the three local government areas covered by the Project. The scheme has twenty existing intake areas out of which 6 were purposively selected for this study. Random sampling technique was used to select one hundred and forty five women farmers from the population of four hundred and ten women farmers as of the time of this study. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information on demographic characteristics of the respondents, types of crops grown by women in the area as well as income obtained from harvests while focus group discussions were conducted in Yarkofoji, Gora and Ware Damtse villages to consider the major constraints to women participation in irrigation activities in the area. Result of this study found that limited access to land (45 respondents), limited access to credit (26 respondents), limited access to agricultural inputs (23 respondents), limited access to education (17 respondents), lack of storage facilities (20 respondents) and culture (14 respondents) are the major constraints to women participation in the study area. This study recommended that women farmers should have access to loans and credit facilities because they are essential inputs for sustainable agricultural activities. This can be achieved through the formulation of low interest micro credit schemes for the women.
Women, Irrigation, Bakolori Irrigation Project, Nigeria
ActionAid (2008). Women’s Right to Land and Property in Kenya: The Contradictions, Collusions, Conspiracy and Consequences. ActionAid International, South Africa
ActionAid (2011). What Women Farmers Need: a blueprint for action. ActionAid International, South Africa
Agarwal, B. (1994). A Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Agarwal, B. and Pradeep, P. (2007). Toward Freedom from Domestic Violence: The Neglected Obvious. Journal of Human Development, 8 (3): 359-388.
Agarwal, B. (2011). Food Crises and Gender Inequality. DESA Working Paper No. 107, United Nations, New York
Agboola, B. M. and Ofoegbu, F. I. (2010). Access to University Education in Nigeria: A Review. At:
Alli, A. (2005). Livelihood and food security in rural Bangladesh: The role of social capital. PhD thesis Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
Aluko, B. T. and Amidu, A. (2006) Women and Land Rights Reforms in Nigeria. Paper presented at 5th FIG Regional Conference on Promoting Land Administration and Good Governance. Accra, Ghana, March 8-11, 2006.
British Council Nigeria, (2012). Gender in Nigeria report 2012: Improving the lives of girls and women in Nigeria. Issues, Policies and Action. British Council Nigeria
Daudia, R. O. S. (2007). Female Education and Nigeria’s Development Strategies: Lots of Talk, Little Action. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, Vol. 14: (3)461-479.
Dey, J. (1992). Gender Asymmetries in Intra-Household Resource Allocation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Policy Implications for Land and Labour Productivity. Paper presented at IFPRI workshop on Intra-Household Resource Allocation.
Edozie, R. (2007). Democratization in Multi-religious Contexts in Africa: Amina vs the (Dis- United) States of Nigeria. In: Kamari C. Local Institutions, Global Controversies: Islam in sub-Saharan African Contexts. MacMillan Working Paper Series, Yale University-CT.
Federal Government of Nigeria (2006). National Gender Policy 2006. Federal Ministry of Women’s Affairs and Social Development, Abuja.
Halkias, et al. (2011). Challenges facing women entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Management Research Review, 34(2): 221-235.
Government of India (1996). 1995-1996 Agricultural Census of India. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
Li, Z. (2003). Women’s Land Tenure Rights in Rural China: A Synthesis. Mimeo, Ford Foundation, Beijing.
Mohammed, Y. (2002). Development and challenges of Bakolori Irrigation Project in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 11 (3): 411–430.
Nkamnebe, A. (2008). Women and Micro Credit Financing in Nigeria: Implications for Poverty Alleviation and the Fight Against Vulnerability. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria.
Nolte, I., Danjibo, N. and Oladeji, A. (2010) Religion, Politics and Governance in Nigeria. Religions and Development Research Programme. Working Paper 39, University of Birmingham. At: http://www.rad.bham.ac.uk/files/resourcesmodule/@random454f80f60b3f4/1269512095_working_paper_39_for_the_web___2__2_pdf.
Okuneye, P. A. (2001). Rural poverty assessment and control in Africa. An invited specialization course paper presented at the United Nations IDEP, Dakar, Senegal, 19-22 June.
Peterman, A., Quisumbing A., Behrman J. and Nkonya E. (2010). Understanding Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity in Uganda and Nigeria. IFPRI Discussion Paper 01003. IFPRI Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division, Washington DC.
Saito K. A. (1994). Raising the Productivity of Women Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Discussion Papers: Africa Technical Department Series No. 230. Washington DC.
Tanwir M. and Safdar T. (2013). The Rural Woman's Constraints to Participation in Rural Organizations, Journal of International Women's Studies, 14(3):210-229.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (2004). Review of the Public Irrigation Sector in Nigeria: Draft Status Report. FAO, Rome.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nation, FAO (2011a). The State of Food and Agriculture. FAO, Rome.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (2011b). The role of women in agriculture. Available @ http://www.fao.org/economic/esa
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (2014). Enhancing gender equality in the management of Africa's natural resources. Nature & Faune Journal, Volume 29, Issue 1
Yahaya, M. K. and Ango, A. K. (2000). Analysis of socio-economic and environment impacts of Bakolori Irrigation and Fadama Development Projects in Sokoto / Kebbi watershed in Northern Nigeria. Lessons for irrigation Planners in semi-arid Regions. Book of Abstract of the Xth International colloquium for the optimization of Plant Nutrition held in Cairo, Egypt April 8-13, 2000.
World Bank (2004). School Education in Nigeria: Preparing for Universal Basic Education. Africa Region Human Development Series. No 53. The World Bank, Washington DC
World Bank (2009). Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook. Vol. 1 and 2. The World Bank, Washington DC.
World Economic Forum (2013). Five Challenges, One Solution: Women. Geneva Switzerland.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved