Epidemiologic Study of Depression in Ahwaz Cancer Patients in 2017
Background: Frequent hospitalizations induce a feeling of loneliness, which can lead to psychological stress and increase the risk of depression in the patient. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiologic findings of depression of cancer patients in Ahwaz in 2017. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 217 patients with cancer were recruited in the oncology ward of Ahwaz Baqaei-2 Hospital, Iran, in 2017 using convenience sampling. The data collection tool included demographic checklist and Beck Depression Scale. SPSS software version 20, descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. Results: In this study 217 cancer patients with mean age of 41/18 ± 25/43 years were enrolled. 122 patients (56.22%) were male and the rest were female and 145 patients (66.82%) were from urban and rural areas. The mean depression score in this study was 11/13 68±/20 which indicates moderate depression in these patients. There was a statistically significant relationship between place of residence and depression (p = 0.04), but no significant relationship was found between depression and the rest of demographic variables (p>0.05). There was also a significant negative correlation between monthly income in rials and depression scores (r = - 0.64) (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study showed moderate depression in these patients, Therefore, it seems necessary to provide nursing interventions with a positive emphasis on improving the care environment. According to the results of this study, the positive impact of psychology counseling classes can help improve the quality of life of these individuals.
Depression, Cancer, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Oncology
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