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To Speak Out Matters: Implication of Rural Road Network on Healthcare Accessibility among Residents in the Nzema East Municipality, Ghana
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2019
Issue 3 (May)
Pages: 85-95   |   Vol. 4, No. 3, May 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 3   Since May 19, 2019 Views: 42   Since May 19, 2019
Authors
[1]
Gordon Yenglier Yiridomoh, Department of Community Development, University for Development Studies, Wa, Ghana.
[2]
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Bureau of Integrated Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[3]
Benjamin Obda Kyoole, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kumasi, Ghana.
[4]
Benjamin Duah Agyekum, Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
Road transport plays a significant role in rural healthcare accessibility and utilization. This study assessed the implication of poor rural road transport network on healthcare accessibility and utilization in Akango, Gbwira Eshiem and Ampanshie in the Nzema East Municipality of Ghana. The study employed mixed method approach using questionnaires and interviews to investigate the subject matter. A total of 253 respondents were randomly sampled for the survey and 13 were purposively selected for the interviews. Descriptive and regression analysis was used to analyze the questionnaire while thematic analysis was used to analyze the interviews. On the nature of road network linking the communities to healthcare facilities, the study found that, residents road network were muddy and slippery, had a lot of potholes, dusty during the dry season, eroded along hills, bridges randomly collapsed, and marshy areas easily got flooded. Importantly, the regression results revealed that complication of diseases, self-medication, difficulty in accessing referral services, challenge of transporting medical supplies to health facilities, difficulty of accessing maternity and childcare and the use of life-risking routes to access healthcare have a significant relationship with poor road network in the area. The study recommends the need for comprehensive and pragmatic measures to improve rural road transport network for improved healthcare.
Keywords
Rural Road, Road Network, Healthcare Accessibility, Healthcare, Nzema East, Ghana
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