Infection Control and Standard Precautions: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Undergraduate Medical Students
Medical students can be exposed to threatening healthcare-associated infections if they are not strictly adhered to the infection control and standard precautions measures. There is limited information regarding knowledge, attitude, and practice among medical students regarding infection control and standard precautions. Our aim is to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice among healthcare students about infection control and standard precautions. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 211 undergraduate Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students from Year 3 till Year 5 at Melaka Manipal Medical College, Malaysia. We purposively selected 250 students attending Year 3 till Year 5 in MBBS course in September 2018. A total of 211 students who were willing to provide written informed consent were included in this study. We collected the data using a validated, self-administered, structured questionnaire which included 37 questions about knowledge regarding infection control and standard precautions, 9 questions about practice regarding infection control and standard precautions and 10 questions about attitude regarding infection control and standard precautions. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square. Among the students, 70.6% students need to improve their knowledge regarding infection control and standard precautions, 66.8% students have a good practice regarding infection control and standard precautions, 79.6% students have a good attitude regarding infection control and standard precautions. Regarding knowledge, there is a significant association between Chinese gender and Year 4 with knowledge regarding infection control and standard precautions. In attitude, there is a significant association between gender and attitude regarding infection control and standard precautions. For practice, there is a significant association between gender and practice regarding infection control and standard precautions. Even though the students have positive practice and attitude towards infection control and standard precaution, a supportive and positive environment is needed to improve knowledge to infection control and standard precautions.
Infection Control, Precautions, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Undergraduate Medical Students
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