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Computer Assisted and Traditional Method of Instructions in Integrated Science: The Case of Edinaman Senior High School in the Central Region of Ghana
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 6 (November)
Pages: 171-177   |   Vol. 5, No. 6, November 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 42   Since Nov. 18, 2018 Views: 1024   Since Nov. 18, 2018
Authors
[1]
Osei Kojo Agyeman, Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Komenda College Of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
[2]
Kingsley Okyere, Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Enchi College Of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
[3]
Frank Enu-Kwesi, Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Enchi College Of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
[4]
Johnson Kofi Ackah, Department of Science Education, Enchi College of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
[5]
Moses Bedwei Majdoub, Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Agogo Presbyterian College of Education, Agogo, Ghana.
Abstract
Integrated science is a core subject in the Senior High Schools in Ghana. Information and communication technology has become the major pedagogy in today’s global education. The main purpose of this study was to find out how integrated science teachers at Edinaman senior high school using Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) and Traditional Method of Instruction (TMI) during teaching and learning. Purposive and random sampling techniques were used to select participants and the site for study. The case study concluded that Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) proved to be significantly superior to the Traditional Method of Instruction (TMI). Performance of students taught with CAI is higher than students taught with TMI. Students show higher attitude towards learning of integrated science through CAI than TMI. It is recommended that necessary attention should be accorded computer literacy and operation in the senior high schools and relevant computer assisted instructional packages should be developed for use within the Ghanaian school systems. In addition, Ghanaian public schools should be equipped with necessary ICT facilities to leverage the potentials of ICT in Ghana schools. CAI may also be used effectively in teaching subjects in which simulation models can help improve cognitive abilities.
Keywords
Computer Assisted Instruction, Traditional Method, Integrated Science, Case Study, Edinaman Senior High School, Central Region, Ghana
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