Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Exploring the Relationship Between Student Absenteeism and Student Literacy at the National Level
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 4 (July)
Pages: 54-62   |   Vol. 5, No. 4, July 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 81   Since Sep. 13, 2018 Views: 1111   Since Sep. 13, 2018
Authors
[1]
Sharon Murchie, Department of Teacher Education and Professional Development, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, USA.
[2]
Mingyuan Zhang, Department of Teacher Education and Professional Development, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, USA.
Abstract
Across the nation, districts are working to increase student attendance. Studies show that student absenteeism at or above the 10% mark is considered “chronic” regardless of the reason for the absence and is correlated with poorer student achievement. This study investigated the relationship between student attendance and student reaching achievement at the national level. This study used the NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress) Data Explorer to determine if student absenteeism at the 8th and 12th-grade level was correlated with lower student literacy, as shown by reading composite and literary experience scores. The results indicate that any level of student absenteeism in the 8th grade is correlated with lower reading composite and literary achievement scores, whereas in the 12th grade, the 10% (chronic) is a valid cut point and correlated with lower reading composite and literary experience scores. Although the deficiencies in achievement from 8th to 12th grade were consistently correlated with absenteeism, this achievement gap did not grow over time. This study found a relationship between chronic absenteeism and student literacy at the national level; higher rates of student absenteeism are correlated with lower literacy scores at both the 8th and 12th grade.
Keywords
Absenteeism, Literacy Assessment, NAEP, National Data, Data Mining
Reference
[1]
Bruner, C., Discher, A., & Chang, H. (2011). Chronic Elementary Absenteeism: A Problem Hidden in Plain Sight. Attendance Works and Child & Family Policy Center. Retrieved from https://www.edweek.org/media/chronicabsence-15chang.pdf
[2]
Our History - Attendance Works. (2018). Retrieved February 12, 2018, from http://www.attendanceworks.org/our-history/
[3]
Nadworny, E. (2016, May 30). What One District’s Data Mining Did For Chronic Absence. NPR. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/05/30/477506418/what-one-districts-data-mining-did-for-chronic-absence
[4]
Chang, H. N., & Romero, M. (2008). Present, Engaged, and Accounted For: The Critical Importance of Addressing Chronic Absence in the Early Grades. National Center for Children in Poverty. Retrieved from http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_837.pdf
[5]
Allensworth, E. M., Gwynne, J. A., M,^#oore, P., & de la Torre, M. (2014). 4 Key Findings for High Schools: from Looking Forward To High School and College. The University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research. Retrieved from http://www.attendanceworks.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/4-Key-Findings-HS-Final.pdf
[6]
Bond, J., & Zhang, M. (2017). The Impact of conversations on fourth grade reading performance--What NAEP Data Explorer tells? European Journal of Educational Research, 6 (4), 407-417.
[7]
Grand Rapids: Strive for Less than 5 - Attendance Works. (2015, November 11). Retrieved January 26, 2018, from http://www.attendanceworks.org/grand-rapids-strive-for-less-than-5/
[8]
Ehrenberg, R. G., Ehrenberg, R. A., Rees, D. I., & Ehrenberg, E. L. (1991). School district leave policies, teacher absenteeism, and student achievement. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/papers/w2874.pdf
[9]
Lamdin, D. J. (1996). Evidence of Student Attendance as an Independent Variable in Education Production Functions. The Journal of Educational Research, 89 (3), 155–162.
[10]
Sheldon, S. B., & Epstein, J. L. (2004). Getting Students to School: Using Family and Community Involvement to Reduce Chronic Absenteeism. The School Community Journal, 14 (2), 39–56.
[11]
Gottfried, M. A. (2010). Evaluating the relationship between student attendance and achievement in urban elementary and middle schools: An instrumental variables approach. American Educational Research Journal, 47 (2), 434–465.
[12]
Ready, D. D. (2010). Socioeconomic Disadvantage, School Attendance, and Early Cognitive Development: The Differential Effects of School Exposure. Sociology of Education, 83 (4), 271–286.
[13]
Basch, C. E. (2011). Healthier Students Are Better Learners: A Missing Link in School Reforms to Close the Achievement Gap. Journal of School Health, 81 (10), 593–598.
[14]
Condron, D. J. (2009). Social Class, School and Non-School Environments, and Black/White Inequalities in Children’s Learning. American Sociological Review, 74 (5), 685–708.
[15]
Hallfors, D., Vevea, J. L., Iritani, B., Cho, H., Khatapoush, S., & Saxe, L. (2002). Truancy, grade point average, and sexual activity: a meta-analysis of risk indicators for youth substance use. The Journal of School Health, 72 (5), 205–211.
[16]
Downey, D. B., von Hippel, P. T., & Broh, B. A. (2004). Are Schools the Great Equalizer? Cognitive Inequality during the Summer Months and the School Year. American Sociological Review, 69 (5), 613–635.
[17]
Beegle, D. M. (2003). Overcoming the silence of generational poverty. Talking Points, 15 (1), 11–20.
[18]
Green, D. A., & Craig Riddell, W. (2001). Literacy, Numeracy and Labour Market Outcomes in Canada. Minister of Industry. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-552-m/89-552-m2001008-eng.pdf
[19]
The contribution of literacy to economic growth and individuals’ earnings. (2008, December 1). Retrieved February 14, 2018, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/81-004-x/2004006/7780-eng.htm
[20]
NAEP Nations Report Card - More About the NAEP Reading Assessment. (n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2018, from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/reading/moreabout.aspx
[21]
Genesee County. (2014). Project Chalkboard. Retrieved April 1, 2018, from http://www.gc4me.com/departments/prosecutors_office/project_chalkboard.php
[22]
The Alameda County District. (n.d.). Attendance Initiatives - At School. Retrieved April 1, 2018, from http://atschool.alcoda.org/attendance_initiatives. At a Glance. (2018). Retrieved February 12, 2018, from https://www.grps.org/at-a-glance
[23]
Take Action - Attendance Works. (2018). Retrieved April 1, 2018, from http://www.attendanceworks.org/take-action/
[24]
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
[25]
Effect Size Calculators (Lee Becker) | University of Colorado Colorado Springs. (1999). Retrieved March 8, 2018, from https://www.uccs.edu/~lbecker/
[26]
NAEP - Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2018, from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/about/
[27]
NAEP Reading - Scheduled Reading Assessments, Past Results, Trends, Methods. (n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2018, from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/reading/
[28]
NAEP Nations Report Card - What Does the NAEP Reading Assessment Measure? (n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2018, from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/reading/whatmeasure.aspx
[29]
The Problem - Attendance Works. (2018). Retrieved February 12, 2018, from http://www.attendanceworks.org/chronic-absence/the-problem/
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved