Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Finite Element Analysis of Human Clavicle Bone: A Methodology Review
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 5 (September)
Pages: 54-59   |   Vol. 1, No. 5, September 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 53   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1488   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Rahul Sherekar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engineering and Technology, Yavatmal, Pin- 445001,(M.S), India.
[2]
Amar Ganjare, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engineering and Technology, Yavatmal, Pin- 445001,(M.S), India.
[3]
Anand Pawar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government Polytechnic, Amravati (M. S), India.
Abstract
The clavicle bone is the bone of shoulder joint which connects the upper limb with respect to the trunk. Each year there are thousands of clavicle fractures as a result of the three-point seat belt system in car crashes. Although a lot of testing is put into the safety of passengers during automobile crashes there is still some uncertainty concerning the realistic response of the anthropomorphic testing devices (ATDs) use to represent the passengers. This paper focuses specifically to create a more accurate representation of the human clavicle’s response during a collision. The geometry of the clavicle was created from converting CT/MRI-scans DICOM images of subjects into 3D-models. From theses scanned images it is possible to create a geometric model using the software like Catia or solidworks. This will be then imported to FEA analysis. In the case of car collision, the risk of clavicle fracture is more than any other bone in the body due to the three point seat belt system. So it is the need to create the precise and geometrically perfect clavicle model. Using the model created it was found that the peak stress occurs when the belt load is centrally located on the clavicle. The stress decreases slightly as the load is moved laterally (toward the shoulder) and decreases dramatically as the load is moved medially (toward the neck). The process and model developed in this study could help in the creation of more accurate bone representations in ATDs for crash testing purposes and also helpful to develop customized anatomical implants.
Keywords
CT/MRI, CAD, Ansys
Reference
[1]
Bolte, J., Hines, M., McFadden, J., & Saul, R. (2000). Shoulder Response Characteristics and Injury Due to Lateral Glenohumeral Joint Impacts. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 44, 261-280.
[2]
Kemper, A. R., Stitzel, J. D., McNally, C., Gabler, H. C., & Duma, S. M. (2009). Biomechanical Response of the Human Clavicle: The Effects of Loading Direction on Bending Properties. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 25, 165-174.
[3]
Proubasta, I., & et al. (2002). Biomechanical Evaluation of Fixation of Clavicle Fractures. Journal of the Southern Orthopaedic, 11(3), 148-152.
[4]
Nuckley, D. J., & Ching, R. P. (n.d.). Relationship Between Vertebral Bone Mineral Density and Strength.
[5]
Sarrafian SK: Gross and functional anatomy of the shoulder. Clinical orthopedics and related research. 1983; 173:11-19
[6]
Currey, J. D., & Butler, G. (1975). The Mechanical Properties of Bone Tissue in Children. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 810-814.
[7]
Untaroiu, C. D., Duprey, S., Kerrigan, J., Li, Z., Bose, D., & Crandall, J. R. (2009). Experimental and Computational Investigation of Human Clavicle Response in Anterior-Posterior Bending Loading. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 6-11.
[8]
Vinz, H. (1972). Firmness of Pure Bone Substance: Approximate Method for the Determination of Bone Tissue Firmness Related to the Cavity-Free Cross Section. Morphol Jahrb Gegenbaurs, 117, 453-460.
[9]
Arbogast, K. B., Mong, D. A., Marigowda, S., Kent, R. W., Stacey, S., Mattice, J., et al. (2005). Evaluating Pediatric Abdominal Injuries. 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, (pp. 1-15). Washington DC.
[10]
Harrington Jr., M. A., Keller, T. S., Seiler III, J. G., Weikert, D. R., Moeljanto, E., & Schwartz, H. S. (1993). Geometric Properties and the Predicted Mechanical Behavior of Adult Human Clavicles. Journal of Biomechanics, 26, 417-426.
[11]
Harris, R. I., Wallace, A. L., Harper, G. D., Goldberg, J. A., Sonnabend, D. H., & Walsh, W. R. (2000). Structural Properties of the Intact and the Reconstructed Coracoclavicular Ligament Complex. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28, 103-108.
[12]
Sarrafian SK: Gross and functional anatomy of the shoulder. Clinical orthopedics and related research. 1983; 173:11-19.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved