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FTIR Analysis for Groundnut Seed Oil, Cow Tallow Oil and Castor Seed Oil for Biodiesel Production
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 4 (July)
Pages: 38-41   |   Vol. 1, No. 4, July 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 31   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1424   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Nwadike Emmanuel Chinagorom, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NnamdiAzikiwe University, Awka, P.M.B. 5025.
[2]
Achebe Hubert Chukwunonso, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NnamdiAzikiwe University, Awka, P.M.B. 5025.
[3]
Ezeliora Chukwuemeka Daniel, Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, NnamdiAzikiwe University, Awka, P.M.B. 5025.
[4]
Azaka Onyemazuwa Andrew, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NnamdiAzikiwe University, Awka, P.M.B. 5025.
Abstract
In this research work, the process of biodiesel production in a pilot plant was studied using cow tallow as raw material, methanol as the solvent and potassium hydroxide as catalysts. The biodiesel quality was determined by FTIR method. The method showed that the final product had ester compositions which can be used as a biodiesel fuel in diesel engine. Furthermore the transesterification of cow tallow with methanol decreases the fat viscosity and produces a biodiesel with high quality.
Keywords
Groundnut Seed Oil, Castor Oil, Cow Tallow Oil, Biodiesel, FIRS Analysis
Reference
[1]
Lotero, E., et al. (2005). “Synthesis of biodiesel via acid catalysis.”IndEngChem Res. 44:5353–5363.
[2]
Lu, H. Liu, Y. Zhou, H., Yang, Y., Chen, M. Liang, B. (2009). Production of biodiesel from JatrophacurcasL.oil. Computers and Chemical Engineering, 33, 1091–1096.
[3]
Zhang Y., et al. (2003). “Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 2. Economic assessment and sensitivity analysis.” Bioresour Technol. 90:229–240
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