Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
A Cross Sectional Study on Assessment of Prevalence, Risk Factors and Management of Osteoarthritis in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2018
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 61-66   |   Vol. 6, No. 6, December 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 60   Since Jan. 17, 2019 Views: 957   Since Jan. 17, 2019
Balasubramanian Thirumalaisamy, Department of Pharmacology, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Perinthalmanna, India.
Jinju Mariyam Jacob, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Perinthalmanna, India.
Mohammed Saheel, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Perinthalmanna, India.
Jerina Elizabeth Jacob, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Al Shifa College of Pharmacy, Perinthalmanna, India.
This study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and management of osteoarthritis (OA) in a tertiary care hospital. A prospective observational cross sectional study was conducted among 68 osteoarthritis patients for a period of 6 months in a tertiary care referral hospital. A data collection form was designed to collect information necessary for the study. We arranged the study into 3 phases as the preparatory, data collection and analytical phase. The prevalence of OA and prevalence of each risk factor to causing OA was separately analyzed. The Management pattern of OA was also evaluated. Among 68 patients selected for the study, 32 patients were from the age group 56-65 followed by the age group 66-75 of 18 patients. Out of 68 patients, 47 patients were females and 21 patients were males. Our study found that 40 patients were overweight, 19 were obese and only 9 were normal weight. The assessment of prevalence of risk factors showed that among the various risk factors, age (36%) was found to be the most statistically significant prevalent risk factor followed by female gender (69%) and trauma (16%). Our study concluded that a high prevalence rate of knee osteoarthritis among elderly. Also females were predominantly affected than men and prevalence of risk factors was also higher in this gender. Excluding female gender, age, trauma, overweight and kneeling were the prominent risk factors.
Osteoarthritis, Prevalence, Risk Factor, Management
Radha, M. S., Gangadhar, M. R. Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis patients in Mysore city, Karnataka, IJRSR. 2015; 6 (4): 3316-3320.
Saloni, T. Osteoarthritis. Priority Medicines for Europe and the World "A Public Health Approach to Innovation" Update on 2004. 2013: 1.
Saloni, T. Osteoarthritis, Opportunities to address pharmaceutical gaps. Priority Medicines for Europe and the World A Public Health Approach to Innovation. 2004:3-6.
Arvind, K. S, Mani, K., Anand, K., Praveen, K. A., Sanjeev, K. G., Prevalence of Osteoarthritis of Knee Among Elderly Persons in Urban Slums Using American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Criteria. J. Clin. Diagn. Res., 2014; 8 (9): 9-11.
Nisha, E. R., Nandish, B., Roshan, J. F. Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis in rural areas of Bangalore urban district. Int. J. Rheu. Cli. Immu., 2013; 1 (1): 1-8.
Pushpa, S. P., Umesh, R. D., Chidendra, M. S. Risk factors of Osteoarthritis Knee – A Cross-sectional study. JDMS., 2012; 2 (5): 8-10.
Ganvir, S. D., Zambare, B. R. Prevalence and Identification of Risk Factors for Knee Osteoarthritis among Elderly Men and Women. SJAMS., 2013; 1 (6): 700-703.
Manoj, K. S., Asha, K. P., Indu, D., Jeethu, T. J., Karthika, V., Manju, S. Risk factors of osteoarthritis – A hospital based case control study. AMJI., 2014; 2 (2):49-51.
Plotnikoff, R., Karunamuni, N., Lytvyak, E. Osteoarthritis prevalence and modifiable factors: a population study. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15 (1195): 1-10.
Anu, A. G., Anoop, S., Anupama, J., Jinnia, T. N., Obesity and severity of osteoarthritis. AMJI., 2014; 2 (2): 52-55.
Weimin, F., Yuan, L., Haifeng, Z. Prevalence and associated factors of knee osteoarthritis in a rural Chinese adult population: an epidemiological survey. BMC Public Health. 2016; 16 (94): 1-8.
Cyrus, C., Tim, M., David, C. Occupational activity and osteoarthritis of the Knee Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 1994; 53: 90-93.
Birtwhistle, R., Mokem, R., Peat, G. Prevalence and management of osteoarthritis in primary care: an epidemiologic cohort study from the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network. CMAJ., 2015; 3 (3): 271-275.
Karel, P., Olivier, B., Cyrus, C. Diacerein: Benefits, Risks and Place in the Management of Osteoarthritis. An Opinion-Based Report from the ESCEO. Drugs Aging. 2016; 33:75–85.
Ullal, S. D., Narendranath, S., Kamath, R. K. Drug Utilization Review In Osteoarthritis, JCDR. 2010; 4: 2421-2426.
Purushottam, J., Sushma, P., Neelam, S., Ankur, J. Drug Utilization Study Of Osteoarthritis In A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital Of Rajasthan. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 2012; 14 (2): 35‐37.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved