Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Reducing Injuries and Fatalities to Oil and Gas Workers with Innovative Engineering Methods
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 72-80   |   Vol. 5, No. 3, September 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 38   Since Sep. 29, 2018 Views: 981   Since Sep. 29, 2018
Authors
[1]
Richard Olawoyin, Department of Environmental Health and Safety, Oakland University, Rochester, USA.
[2]
Myrna Gutierrez, Department of Environmental Health and Safety, Oakland University, Rochester, USA.
Abstract
The issues of fatalities from fires and explosions in the oil and gas industry were explored and the study attempts to determine the potential solutions to these problems through innovative engineering technology. The industry sector being addressed is the oil and gas industry and the cross-sector addressed is the traumatic injury prevention cross-sector through the research of the reduction of fatalities from fires and explosions. The expected outputs and outcomes from this research are the invention and patents of cost effective new technology and adoption of technologies and methods developed for small drilling companies. The goal and end outcomes and public health impact from this research include the reduction and prevention of explosions and fires and thus reducing workplace injuries and fatalities in the oil and gas industry through cost effective engineering methods. Engineering methods were evaluated to build a gas and vapor detection system with detection methods based on the technology of nanosensors, that can be engineered to automatically supply over pressured areas with a spray or mist deluge system to suppress and prevent an explosion or fire. The study concluded that there is a need to address fatalities from fires and explosions in the oil and gas industry and that small drilling companies need more solutions that rely on engineering controls. Research and development of nanosensing technology for the detection of oil and gas vapor and suppression system of an automatic deluge system can provide small drilling companies with a cost-effective solution to preventing fatalities from fires and explosions.
Keywords
Fire and Explosion Prevention, Fatalities, Engineering, Fire Safety, Oil and Gas, Fire Detection, Fire Suppression
Reference
[1]
Center for Disease Controls – CDC (2013). Fatal Injuries in Offshore Oil and Gas Operations — United States, 2003–2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 62 (16), 301-304. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/24852166
[2]
Witter, R. Z., Tenney, L., Clark, S., & Newman, L. S. (2014). Occupational Exposures in the Oil and Gas Extraction Industry: State of the Science and Research Recommendations. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 57 (7), 847–856. http://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22316
[3]
Hopkins, A. (2011). Management walk-arounds: lessons from the Gulf of Mexico oil well blowout. Safety Science, 49 (10), 1421-1425.
[4]
Zhao, B. (2014). Qingdao pipeline explosion: introductions and reflections. Natural Hazards, 74 (2), 1299-1305.
[5]
Chettouh, S., Hamzi, R, & Benaroua, K. (2016). Examination of fire and related accidents in Skikda Oil Refinery for the period 2002-2013. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 41, 186-193.
[6]
Khan, F. A., Amyotte, P. R. (2002). Inherent safety in offshore oil and gas activities: a review of the present status and future directions. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 15 (4), 279-289.
[7]
Kjellen, U. (2007). Safety in the design of offshore platforms: integrated safety versus safety as an add-on characteristic. Safety Science, 45 (1-2), 305-327.
[8]
Santos-Reyes, J., Beard (2009). A SSMS model with application to the oil and gas industry. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 22 (6), 958-970.
[9]
Pula, R. Khan, F. I. Veitch, B. Amyotte, P. R. (2006). A Grid Based Approach for Fire and Explosion Consequence Analysis, Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 84 (2), 79-91.
[10]
Skogdalen, J. E., Utne, I. B., Vinnem, J. E. (2011). Developing safety indicators for preventing offshore oil and gas deepwater drilling blowouts. Safety Science, 49 (8-9), 1187-1199.
[11]
Yanlin, J. Jang, B. (2015). Probabilistic fire risk analysis and structural safety assessment of FPSO topside module. Ocean Engineering, 104, 725-737.
[12]
Ewan, B. Moatamedi M. (2002). Induced water atomization devices for gas explosion suppression. Process Safety Progress, 21 (2), 164-169.
[13]
Buzanovskii, V. A. (2014). Analysis of applicability of nanosensors in explosion and fire safety systems of liquefied petroleum gas production, storage, and utilization facilities. Part 1. Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 50 (1), 129-134.
[14]
Hansen, O. R. Johnson D. M. (2015). Improved far-field blast predictions from fast deflagrations, DDTs and detonations of vapour clouds using FLACS CFD. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 35, 293-306.
[15]
Flin, R., Slavin, G., Stewart, K. (1996). Emergency decision making in the offshore oil and gas industry. Human Factors, 38 (2), 262-277.
[16]
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2017). Burden, need, and impact. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/programs/oilgas/burden.html
[17]
Retzer, K., Hill, R., Mason, K., Ridl, S. (2016). Fatalities in the U.S. oil & gas extraction industry. Fireline. Retrieved from http://fireprotection.asse.org/assets/13/17/Fireline_0316.pdf?10371.
[18]
The Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2010). Oil and gas industry fatal and nonfatal occupational injuries. Washington, DC: U.S. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/osh/os/osar0013.htm
[19]
Soraghan, M. (2014). The drilling industry’s explosion problem. EnergyWire. Retrieved from https://www.eenews.net/stories/1060007532.
[20]
The Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017). Occupational employment and wages, May 2016. Washington, DC: U.S. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes475012.htm#(1)
[21]
Gaathaug, A. V., Bjerketvedt, D., Vaagsaether, K., and Nilsen, S. H. (2014). Experimental study of gas explosions in hydrogen sulphide-natural gas-air mixtures. J. Combust. 2014: 905893. doi: 10.1155/2014/905893
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved