Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Investigations of Bubble Size, Gas Hold-Up, and Bubble Rise Velocity in Quadrilateral Bubble Column Using High-Speed Camera
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2017
Issue 1 (January)
Pages: 5-15   |   Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 81   Since Jun. 7, 2017 Views: 1691   Since Jun. 7, 2017
Mohd Amirul Syafiq Mohd Yunos, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; Plant Assessment Technology Group, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Selangor, Malaysia.
Nur Khairunnisa Abd Halim, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
Siti Aslina Hussain, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
Hamdan Mohamed Yusoff, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
Susan Sipaun, Plant Assessment Technology Group, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Selangor, Malaysia.
In this work, we have quantified the influence of superficial gas velocity and sparger design on bubble size, gas hold-up, and bubble rise velocity in quadrilateral bubble column test rig (0.2 x 0.2 m in cross-section and 2 m in height). Six sparger designs were used to generate homogeneous to heterogeneous flow regime for the investigation of the effect of superficial gas velocity and sparger design on gas holdup and bubble size distribution in a bubble column. This study has proved that the air distributor optimization can be recognized using high-speed camera technique. The size of bubbles inside the column is also affected by the size of orifice diameter and number of holes of the sparger. This study concludes that Sparger C and Sparger D design with orifice size 0.5 mm may use optimum gas flow rate to generate homogeneous bubbly flow with higher gas hold-up for better mixing process in this bubble column reactor. At heterogeneous flow regime, it was observed that the sparger orifice diameter shown little impact on the column behavior. The experimental results also can subsequently be applied to the development and validation of the proper mathematical model.
Bubble Column Reactor, High-Speed Camera, Gas Hold-Up, Sparger Plate, Superficial Gas Velocity, Bubble Rise Velocity
Buwa V. V., Ranade V. V., Dynamics of Gas-Liquid in a Rectangular Bubble Column: Experiments and Single/Multi-Group CFD Simulations, Chemical Engineering Science, 57 (2002) 4715-4736.
Kantarci N., Borak F., Ulgen K. O. Bubble Column Reactors, Process Biochemistry, 40 (2005) 2263-2283.
Wang H. Y., Dong F., A Method for Bubble Volume Calculating in Vertical Two-Phase Flow, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, (2009) 147.
Noraishah O., Mohd Arif H., Ainul M. T., Ahmad N. A. N., Azlizam S., Ismail M., (2011) The Hydrodynamics Studies of Bubbling Phenomena Using High-Speed Camera: A Visual Observation, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, IAEA INIS Collection, pp 1-9.
Moshtari B., Babakhani E. G., Moghaddas J. S., Experimental Study of Gas Hold-Up and Bubble Behaviour in Gas-Liquid Bubble Column, Petroleum and Coal, 51 (2009) 27-32.
Hooshyar N., (2013). Hydrodynamics of structured slurry bubble columns, TU Delft, Delft University of Technology.
Joshi J. B. and Kulkarni A. V., Design and Selection of Sparger For Bubble Column Reactor. Part I: Performance of Different Spargers, Chemical Engineering Research And Design, 89 (2011) 1972–1985.
Holler V., Ruzicka M., Drahos J., Kiwi-Minsker L., Renken A., Acoustic and Visual Study of Bubble Formation Processes in Bubble Column Staged With Fibrous Catalytic Layer, Catalysis Today, 79-80 (2003) 151-157.
Kawagoe K., Inoue, Nakao T., Flow-Pattern and Gas Hold-up conditions in Gas-Sparged Contactors, International Chemical Engineering, 16 (1976) 176-183.
Yunus A. C., John M. C., (2006). Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, (Vol. 1). Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Delnoij E., (1999). Fluid dynamics of gas-liquid bubble columns, Universiteit Twente.
Lau R., Mo R., Wei S. S., Bubble characteristics in shallow bubble column reactors, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 88 (2010) 197-203.
Clift R., Grace J. R., Weber M. E., (1978). Bubbles, Drops, and Particles. Academic Press, New York.
Auton T. R., (1981). The Dynamics of Bubbles, Drops, and Particles in Motion in Liquids, Ph. D. Thesis, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK.
Ali Abdul R. N. Jasim., Studies on Gas Holdup, Mass Transfer Coefficient, Mixing Time and Circulation Time in Bubble Columns with Draught Tube for Pseudo Plastics (Carboxymethyl) Cellulose and Glycerol Solutions, Engineering and Technology, 27 (2009) 2245-2256.
Habobi N., Majeed R., Kuba., Bubble Column Hydrodynamics Study with Experimental Investigation and CFD Computations, 11 (2008) 60-69.
Kara S., Kelkar B. G., Shah Y. T., Carr N. L., Hydrodynamics and axial mixing in a three-phase bubble column. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 21 (1982) 584-594.
C. L., Larachi F., Guy C., Understanding Gas-Phase Hydrodynamics in Bubble Columns: A Convective Model Based on Kinetic Theory. Chemical Engineering Science, 52 (1997) 63-77.
Chang, J. S., and Morala, E. C. (1990) Determination of Two-Phase Interfacial Areas by an Ultrasonic Technique. Nuclear Engineering and design, 122 (1-3), 143-156.
Pike R. W., Wilkins B., Ward H. C., Measurement of the Void Fraction in Two-Phase Flow by X-Ray Attenuation, AlChe Journal, 11 (1965) 794.
Reinecke N. and Mewes D., (1997), Multielectrode Capacitance Sensors for the Visualization of Transient Two-Phase Flows, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 15 pp. 253-266.
Kumara, W. A. S., Elseth, G., Halvorsen, B. M., Melaaen, M. C. Comparison of Particle Image Velocimetry and Laser Doppler Anemometry Measurement Methods Applied To The Oil–Water Flow in Horizontal Pipe. Flow measurement and Instrumentation, 21 (2010) 105-117.
Muji S. Z. M., Goh C. L.,Ayob N. M. N, Rahim R. A., Rahiman M. H. F, Rahim H. A., Pusppanathan M. J., Fadzil N. S. M, Optical Tomography Hardware Development For Solid Gas Measurement Using Mixed Projection, Flow Measurement Instrument, 33 (2013) 110.
Maruyama T., Yoshida S., Mizushina T., The Flow Transition in a Bubble Column. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 14 (1981) 352-357.
Bouaifi M., Hebrard G., Bastoul D., Roustan M., A Comparative Study of Gas Hold-Up, Bubble Size, Interfacial Area and Mass Transfer Coefficients in Stirred Gas–Liquid Reactors and Bubble Columns. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 40 (2001) 97-111.
Asari F. H., (2014). Experimental Determination of Bubble Size in Solution of Surfactants of the Bubble Column, Global Journal of Research In Engineering, 14 (2).
Luo X., Lee D. J., Lau R., Yang G., Fan L. S., Maximum Stable Bubble Size and Gas Holdup in High‐Pressure Slurry Bubble Columns. AIChE Journal, 45 (1999) 665-680.
Schumpe A., Grund G. The Gas Disengagement Technique for Studying Gas Holdup Structure in Bubble Columns. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 64 (1986) 891-896.
Díaz M. E., Montes F. J., Galán M. A. Experimental study of the transition between unsteady flow regimes in a partially aerated two-dimensional bubble column. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 47 (2008) 1867-1876.
Talaia, M. A. R. (2007) Terminal Velocity of a Bubble Rise in a Liquid Column, International Journal of Mathematical, Computational, Physical, Electrical and Computer Engineering 1 pp. 4.
Roy N. K., Guha D. K., Rao M. N., Fractional Gas Holdup in Two-Phase and Three-Phase Batch-Fluidized Bubble-Bed and Foam-Systems, Indian Chemical Engineer, (1963) 27–31.
Hughmark G. A., Holdup and Mass Transfer in Bubble Columns, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 6 (1967) 218-221.
Akita K., Yoshida F., Bubble Size, Interfacial Area and Liquid-Phase Mass Transfer Coefficient in Bubble Columns, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design, and Development, 12 (1974) 76–80.
Hikita H., Kikukawa H., Liquid-Phase Mixing In Bubble Columns: Effect of Liquid Properties, Chemical Engineering Journal, 8 (1974) 191-197.
Lockett M. J., Kirkpatrick R. D., Ideal Bubbly Flow and Actual Flow in Bubble Columns, Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, 53 (1975) 267–73.
Kumar A., Degaleesan T. E., Laddha G. S., Hoelscher H. E.: Bubble Swarm Characteristics in Bubble Columns, The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 54 (1976) 503-508.
Koide K., Morooka S., Ueyama K., Matsuura A., Behavior of Bubbles in Large Scale Bubble Column. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 12 (1979) 98–104.
Hikita H., Asai S., Tanigawa K., Segawa K., Kitao M., Gas Hold-Up In Bubble Columns, The Chemical Engineering Journal, 20 (1980) 59-67.
Godbole S. P., Honath M. F., Shah Y. T., Holdup Structure in Highly Viscous Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Liquids in Bubble Columns, Chemical Engineering Communications, 16 (1982) 119-134.
Sada E., Katoh S., Yoshil H., Performance of the Gas–Liquid Bubble Column in Molten Salt Systems, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 23 (1984) 1–4.
Koide K., Takazawa A., Komura M., Matsunga H., Gas Holdup and Volumetric Liquid Phase Mass Transfer Coefficient in Solid-Suspended Bubble Column, Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 17 (1984) 59–66.
Reilly I. G., Scott D. S, De Bruijn T. J. W., Jain A., Piskorz J., A Correlation for Gas Holdup in Turbulent Coalescing Bubble Columns, The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 64 (1986) 705–718.
Schumpe A., Deckwer W. D., Viscous Media in Tower Bioreactors: Hydrodynamic Characteristics and Mass Transfer Properties, Bioprocess Engineering, 2 (1987) 79–94.
Kawase Y., Moo-Young M., Heat Transfer in Bubble Column Reactors with Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 65 (1987) 121–6.
Zou R., Jiang X., Li B., Zu Y., Zhang L., Studies on Gas Holdup in a Bubble Column Operated at Elevated Temperatures, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 27 (1988) 1910–1916.
Kawase Y., Umeno S., Kumagai T., The Prediction of Gas Hold-Up in Bubble Column Reactors: Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids, Chemical Engineering Journal, 50 (1992) 1–7.
Mouza A. A., Dalakoglou G. K., Paras S. V., Effect of Liquid Properties on the Performance of Bubble Column Reactors with Fine Pore Spargers, Chemical Engineering Science, 60 (2005) 1465–1475.
Salih S. A. J., (2009) Developing Correlation for Prediction of Gas Holdup Using Genetic Algorithm, Al-Qadisiya Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2 pp. 413–424.
Albijanic B. V., Djuric M. S., Petrovic D. L., Tekic M. N. Prediction of a Gas Hold-Up For Alcohol Solutions in a Draft-Tube Bubble Column, Acta Periodica Technologies, 37 (2006) 71–82.
Kim, H. S., Kim J. H., Lee C. G., Kang S. H., Woo K. J., Jung H. J. and Kim D. W., Bubble and Heat Transfer Phenomena in Viscous Slurry Bubble Column. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 4 (2014) 417–429.
Götz M., Jonathan L., Friedemann M., Felix O., Rainer R., Siegfried B., Thomas K., Novel Gas Holdup Correlation for Slurry Bubble Column Reactors Operated in the Homogeneous Regime, Chemical Engineering Journal, 308 (2017) 1209–1224.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved