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Mechanical Properties of Alkali-Silica Reaction Gel Measured by Nanoindenter
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 5 (September)
Pages: 121-124   |   Vol. 2, No. 5, September 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 69   Since Sep. 29, 2015 Views: 1634   Since Sep. 29, 2015
Kai-Wei Liu, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.
Aishwarya Baranikumar, HVJ Associates, Inc., Austin, Texas, USA.
Zachary Grasley, Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.
Anol K. Mukhopadhyay, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.
The mechanical properties, particularly the elastic modulus and hardness of alkali-silica reaction (ASR) gel are measured at the microscopic scale by nanoindentation. The ASR gels are simulated in the laboratory by reacting amorphous silica (i.e., borosilicate glass) with different alkali hydroxide solutions. The measured elastic modulus of gel, formed by reacting borosilicate glass in sodium hydroxide solution was found to have a mean value of 2.96 GPa, while the gel formed from a combination of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, and calcium hydroxide solution has the mean modulus of 5.17 GPa. The results show that the presence of potassium and calcium alkalis increases the elastic modulus and hardness of the gel. A student’s t-test performed on the results confirmed the statistical significance.
Alkali-Silica Reaction, Mechanical Property, Nanoindentation
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