Online Education: An Exploratory Study among Working Adults in Logistics Industry
Online education is growing dramatically within adult learners. It enables learners to study without geographical or time constraints, providing benefits that may not be gained from classroom-based learning. This study aimed to investigate the working adults’ perceptions of online learning. 116 face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect the data. Data were analysed via SPSS. Findings confirmed that age and level of education have significant relationship with perception of E-learning. In addition, cost effective was one of the main factor which influence working adults’ intention to enrol in online education. The findings provide implications for education organisations to develop effective online education programs, attracting online learners.
Working Adults, Logistics Industry, Perception
Afiouni, F. (2007). Human resource management and knowledge management: a road map toward improving organizational performance. Journal of American Academy of Business, 124-130.
Aspillera, M. (2010, August 5). What Are the Potential Benefits of Online Learning? Retrieved on 7 April, 2016 from WorldWideLearn: http://www.worldwidelearn.com/education-articles/benefits-of-online-learning.htm
Bernama. (2011, January 26). Logistics Sector Projected to Hit RM121 billion This Year. Retrieved from The Star Online: http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2011/1/26/Business/7870387&sec=business
Cho and Heron. (2015). Self- Regulated Learning: The Role of Motivation, Emotion and Use of Learning Strategies in Students' Learning Experiences in a Self-paced Online Mathematics Course, 80-99.
Davis, R. W. (2014). Critical Discourse Analysis as an Interdisciplinary Research
Methodology for Interdisciplinary, Intercultural and an Inter-institutional Assessment Tool for
Student-perceived Learning Compared with Instructor-perceived Teaching of Interdisciplinary Online. Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences, 177,278-283.
Grapragasem, S. (2014). Current Trends in Malaysian Higher Education and the Effect on Education Policy and Practice: An Overview. International Journal of Higher Education, 85.
Goi and Ng. (2009). E‐learning in Malaysia: Success Factors in Implementing E‐learning Program. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 237-246.
Hawatson, J. L. (2004). Designing web-based education courses for nurses. Nursing Standart 19, 41-44.
Hussin, S. (2004). Hidden Voices Of Adult Learners In Open And Distance Learning Program: Problems And Strategies To Overcome The Problems. First Colla Regional Workshop, 228.
Islam, M. A. (2011). Effect of Demographic Factors on E-Learning Effectiveness in A Higher Learning Institution in Malaysia. International Education Studies, 114.
Karaman, S. (2011). Nurses’ perceptions of online continuing education. BMC Medical Education, 86.
KL, S. (2006). Students' perceptions of online learning: A comparative study. Information Technology Education, 201-209.
Lancioni, R., Forman, H., & Smith, M. (2000). Logistics programs in universities: Stovepipe vs cross disciplinary. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 31 (1), 53–64.
Mangan, J. &. (2005). Management development and the supply chain manager of the future. International Journal of Logistics Management 16(2), 178-191.
Mansor et al. (2003). Pure Online Learning: Pedagogical, Technological & Human Designs for Greater Access & Success. Formal Education: Technologies for Scaling up ODL Programmes. Retrieved from: http://wikieducator.org/images/8/85/Abtar_Kaur.pdf.
Mark and Hains. (2010). "E-Books in Higher Education: Are We There Yet?" Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research. Retrieved from: https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERB1002.pdf.
Miri Barak, A. W. (2015). Motivation to learn in massive open online courses: Examining aspects of language and social engagement. Computers &Education, 49-60.
Mohamed Syazwan Ab Talib, D. D. (2013). Malaysia Logistics Higher Education:Past, Present andFuture. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME), 63-68.
Mungania, P., (2003). The Seven e-Learning Barriers Facing Employees. Final Report. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/8420360/The_7_E-Learning_Barriers_facing_Employees_-_Penina_Mungania
Murphy, P. &. (2007). Skill requirements of senior-level logisticians: A longitudinal assessment. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 423-431.
O’Neill, K. (2004). Implementing eLearning Programmes for Higher Education: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Information Technology Education, 313-323.
Puteh, M. (n.d.). A Comparative Study Of E-Learning Practices At Malaysian Private Universities. 1st International Malaysian Educational Technology Convention, 1177-1188.
Ramsden P and Entwistle N J (1981) Effects of academic departments on students’ approaches to studying British Journal of Educational Psychology 51, 368–383.
State, K. (2016, march 30). Pearson Correlation. Retrieved on 20 march, 2016 from Kent State Universities Library: http://libguides.library.kent.edu/SPSS/PearsonCorr
Stone, M. T. and Chaney, S. P., 2011. The Benefits of Online Teaching for Traditional Classroom Pedagogy: A Case Study for Improving Face-to-Face Instruction. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 7(3), 393-400.
Shroff, Ronnie H.; Vogel, Douglas R.; Coombes, John; and Lee, Fion (2007) "Student E-Learning Intrinsic Motivation: A Qualitative Analysis," Communications of the Association for Information Systems: Vol. 19, Article 12.
Sulcic, V. (2010). The Key Factors for Acquired Knowledge Through E-Learning. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 7(3), 290-302.
Razak, N. (2010). Rancangan Malaysia Kesepuluh (2011-2015). Retrieved from Kearah Negara Berpendapatan Tinggi dan Maju: http://www.epu.gov.my/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=9c88f35a-a4ac-4b49-96e7-
Sulaiman, F. (2014). Online Learning in Higher Education in Malaysia: A Case Study of Students’ Future Expectations. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 124.
Tang, H. K. (2009). A review of the literature: Determinants of online learning among students. European Journal of Social Sciences, 246-252.
Valentina Arkorful, N. A. (2014). The role of e-learning, the advantages and disadvantages of its adoption in Higher Education. International Journal of Education and Research, 397-410.
Writers, S. (2012, January 10). 10 Advantages to Taking Online Classes. Retrieved on 18 January, 2016 from Open Education Database: http://oedb.org/ilibrarian/10-advantages-totaking-online-classes/