Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
A Study on Decomposition of Nanoparticle Finished Textiles
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2018
Issue 5 (September)
Pages: 80-82   |   Vol. 4, No. 5, September 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 27   Since Dec. 20, 2018 Views: 861   Since Dec. 20, 2018
Liu Yu, School of Textiles & Fashion Management, Milano Fashion Institute, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Textiles cover a considerable share of the environmental burdens globally. They have variety of dyes and chemicals which goes with at the disposal. Decomposition or degradation rates of textile materials in soil have forensic and environmental implications, depending textile type and use. Textiles have non/and biodegradable substances also, which decompose with variant time constrains. The chemicals on them may not decompose and might be toxic to microorganisms present in the ground. At present, a lot of research is performed on the decomposition of textile materials in natural soil, converting into biomass, water and carbon dioxide, posing no harm to the environment. But very limited information is available on the decomposition of textiles with functionality attributes, like antibacterial, flame retardant and waterproofing. In this respect, this research work aimed to see the decomposition of chemicals present on textiles, in order to understand the biodegradation phenomenon of textile materials and chemicals when buried in soil. The visual observations revealed that the decomposition or degradation of cellulose textile materials proceeded earlier than the one with functionality substance present on the cellulosic textiles. For the equivalent decomposition or degradation of textiles along with attributional substance on it, it’s essential to use precursors such as removal of attributional substance prior to their disposals.
Textile, Waste, Decomposition, Silver Nano Finishes, Degradation
Laitala K, Klepp IG, Henry B. Does Use Matter? Comparison of Environmental Impacts of Clothing Based on Fiber Type. Sustainability. 2018; 10 (7): 1–25.
Smith MJ, Thompson K. Forensic Analysis of Textile Degradation and Natural Damage. In: Forensic Textile Science. Elsevier; 2017. p. 41–69.
Yasin S, Behary N, Rovero G, Kumar V. Statistical analysis of use-phase energy consumption of textile products. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 2016; 21 (12): 1776–1788.
Park CH, Kang YK, Im SS. Biodegradability of cellulose fabrics. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2004; 94 (1): 248–253.
Warnock M, Davis K, Wolf D, Gbur E. Soil Burial Effects on Biodegradation and Properties of Three Cellulosic Fabrics. AATCC Review. 2011; 11 (1).
Yasin S, Massimo C, Rovero G, Behary N, Perwuelz A, Giraud S, et al. An alternative for the end-of-life phase of flame retardant textile products: degradation of flame retardant and preliminary settings of energy valorization by gasification. BioResources. 2017; 12 (3): 5196–5211.
Yasin S, Liu L, Yao J. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by bamboo leaves extract and their antimicrobial activity. J Fiber Bioeng Inform. 2013; 6 (6): 77–84.
Ullah N, Li D, Xiaodong C, Yasin S, Umair MM, Eede V, et al. Photo–irradiation based biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by using an ever green shrub and its antibacterial study. Digest J Nanomater Biostructures. 2015; 10: 95–105.
Dhende V, Hardin I, Locklin J. Durable antimicrobial textiles: types, finishes and applications. Understanding and Improving the Durability of Textiles Oxford, Cambridge, Philadelphia: Woodhead Publishing Limited. 2012; 145–173.
Hawley JM. Digging for diamonds: A conceptual framework for understanding reclaimed textile products. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal. 2006; 24 (3): 262–275.
Allen SJ, Auer PD, Pailthorpe MT. Microbial damage to cotton. Textile research journal. 1995; 65 (7): 379–385.
Yasin S, Behary N, Giraud S, Perwuelz A. In situ degradation of organophosphorus flame retardant on cellulosic fabric using advanced oxidation process: A study on degradation and characterization. Polymer Degradation and Stability. 2016; 126: 1–8.
Yasin S, Behary N, Perwuelz A, Guan JP, Chen GQ. Degradation Kinetics of Organophosphorus Flame Retardant from Cotton Fabric. In: Applied Mechanics and Materials. Trans Tech Publ; 2017. p. 54–58.
ISO. ISO 11721-1:2001: Textiles - Determination of resistance of cellulose - containing textiles to microorganisms - Soil burial test - Part 1: Assessment of rot-retardant finishing. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland; 2016.
Yasin S, Behary N, Perwuelz A, Guan J. Life cycle assessment of flame retardant cotton textiles with optimized end-of-life phase. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018; 172: 1080–1088.
Yasin S, Parag B, Nemeshwaree B, Giorgio R. Optimizing Organophosphorus Fire Resistant Finish for Cotton Fabric Using Box-Behnken Design. International Journal of Environmental Research. 2016; 10 (2): 313–320.
Slater K. The progressive deterioration of textile materials part i: characteristics of degradation. Journal of the Textile Institute. 1986; 77 (2): 76–87.
Gore SE, Laing RM, Wilson CA, Carr DJ, Niven BE. Standardizing a pre-treatment cleaning procedure and effects of application on apparel fabrics. Textile research journal. 2006; 76 (6): 455–464.
Kemp SE, Carr DJ, Kieser J, Niven BE, Taylor MC. Forensic evidence in apparel fabrics due to stab events. Forensic science international. 2009; 191 (1–3): 86–96.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved