High Performance Nitrogen-Doped Disordered Carbon Derived from Cirsium Setosum Anode for Sodium Ion Batteries
Nitrogen-doped carbon (HNC) derived from cirsium setosum are prepared by hydrothermal carbonization with subsequant heat treatment. The obtained carbon structure was carefully characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, raman spectrum and X-ray photoelectron spectrum. The results present a rough lamellar morphology with high lattice spacing of the (002) plane in graphite structure. It is also found nitrogen was successfully doped into the disordered carbon. When employed as anodes for sodium ion batteries (SIBs), electrochemical results show that the HNC treated at 700°C exhibit a high maximum charge capacity of 296.3 mA h g-1 at a current density of 50 mA g-1. Even at a high current density of 500 m A g-1, a capacity of 204.7 mA h g-1 is maintained after 200 cycles without obvious decay. This performance is much higher than the carbon material obtain without nitrogen doping. Further research reveal the HNC sample could maintain high charge conductivity with low electron transfer resistance even after many cycles of the battery. Therefore, it is believed the doped nitrogen in our disordered carbon could not only provide many extra sodium storage sites, but also enhanced electrochemical kinetic for the charge/discharge process of Na+. Finally, the high capacity, excellent rate performance, long life cycling and ultrafast rechargeable ability enable the NC to be a promising candidate for practical SIBs.
Nitrogen-Doped Carbon, Cirsium Setosum, Sodium Ion Batteries, Low-Cost Anodes
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