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Role of Nanotechnology in Concrete a Cement Based Material: A Critical Review on Mechanical Properties and Environmental Impact
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 5 (September)
Pages: 32-35   |   Vol. 2, No. 5, September 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 180   Since Oct. 14, 2015 Views: 2645   Since Oct. 14, 2015
Hitesh R. Ashani, Department of Civil Engineering, V. V. P. Engineering College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Sachin P. Parikh, Department of Chemical Engineering, V. V. P. Engineering College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
J. H. Markna, Department of Nanotechnology, V. V. P. Engineering College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Nanotechnology is the use and study of matter or structure between 1 nanometer ( nm ) and 100 nanometers in size. It is the study to make use of matter at the molecular scale. As particle become nano-sized, the fraction of particle on the surface multiply virtual to those inside leads to “nano-effects” and alter the properties of the material to a great extent to produce material with novel and smart properties. Concrete, second highest consumed commodity on earth, with assimilate nanotechnology into material like concrete that will greatly improve its enviable chattels, such as strength, sturdiness, ductility, and cleanliness etc. Currently, the most dynamic research an area in terms of nanotechnology is it’s dealing with cement and concrete is: understanding of the hydration of cement particles and the use of nano-size ingredient. Also, Cement industry is one of the noteworthy sources of carbon dioxide emissions, which accounts for 5-6% of global man-made carbon dioxide emission annually. Recuperating the material resistances and the escalating of their durability will reduce environmental pollution by reducing the carbon footprint of the building. A considerable improvement in the mechanical properties and durability of cementitious materials can be observed with assimilation of nano materials such as nano- Al2O3, ZnO2, TiO2, SiO2, Carbon nanotubes, etc. Hence if the performance of the basic civil engineering raw materials is enhanced anyhow, the productivity will get increased as to work with those modified materials and the performance of the final civil engineering product will also be improved in the benefit of mankind.
Nanotechnology, Concrete, Environmental Pollution, Nanomaterials
Mainak Ghosal, Prof. Arun Kumar Chakroborty, 2015, Study of Nano-Embedments On Ordinary Cement Composites, Elk Asia Pacific Journal Of Civil Engineering And Structural Development, Volume -1, Issue -2, ISSN 2394-9341 (1).
Amit Srivastava, Kirti Singh, 2011, Nanotechnology In Civil Engineering And Construction: A Review On State Of The Art And Future Prospects, Indian Geotechnical Society, 1077-1080.
Kifayah Abbood Alsaffar, 2014, Review Of The Use Of Nanotechnology In Construction Industry, International Journal Of Engineering Research And Development, Volume 10, Issue 8, 67-70, ISSN: 2278-800x.
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Perumalsamy Balaguru And Ken Chong, 2006, Nanotechnology And Concrete: Research Opportunities, Nanotechnology Of Concrete: Recent Developments And Future, Perspectives, 15-28.
Surinder Mann, 2006, Nanotechnology And Construction, European Nanotechnology Gateway, 1-55.
Mohammad Khan,2010 Nanostructure And Microstructure Of Cement Concrete Incorporating Multicementitious Composites, Journal Of The Transportation Research Board, 21-27.
Maheswaran S., Bhuvaneshwari B., Palani G.S., Nagesh R Iyer1 And Kalaiselvam S.2012, An Overview On The Influence Of Nano Silica In Concrete And A Research Initiative, Research Journal Of Recent Sciences, Vol. 2,17-24, ISSN 2277-2502.
Dr Rakesh Kumar, Dr Renu Mathur, And Dr Arun Kumar Mishra, 2011, Opportunities & Challenges For Use Of Nanotechnology In Cement-Based Materials, NBMCW.
Saloma, Amrinsyah Nasution, Iswandi Imran And Mikrajuddin Abdullah, 2013, Mechanics Properties Of Nano-Silica Material Concrete, International Journal Of Engineering & Sciences.
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Peter Taylor, Krishna Rajan, Bjorn Birgisson, Tom Cackler, 2007, Nanotechnology for Cement and Concrete, National Nanotechnology Coordination Office, 1-69.
F. Pacheco-Torgal, M. V. Diamanti, A. Nazari And C-G. Granqvist, 2013, Nanotechnology In Eco-Efficient Construction, Woodhead Publication In Materials, 1-428, ISBN 978-0-85709-544-2 (Print).
Nanotechnology In Concrete – A Review, Construction And Building Materials, Florence Sanchez A, Konstantin Sobolev B, Elsevier, 2010.
Bjorn Birgisson, Anal K. Mukhopadhyay ,Georgene Geary, Mohammad Khan ,Konstantin Sobolev,2012, Nanotechnology In Concrete Materials, Transportation Research Circular E-C170, Task Force On Nanotechnology-Based Concrete Materials Transportation Research Board, 1-27, ISSN 097-8515.
Application Of Nanomaterials In The Sustainable Built Environment, Gammampila, R., Mendis, P. 1, Ngo, T. 1, Aye, L. 1, Jayalath, A.S. 1, Rupasinghe, R.A.M., International Conference On Sustainable Built Environment (Icsbe-2010) Kandy, 13-14 December 2010.
K. Sobolev, I. Flores, R. Hermosillo, And L.M. Torres-Martínez, 2008, Nanomaterials And Nanotechnology For High-Performance Cement Composites, American Concrete Institute, 93-120, ISBN: 978-0-87031-299-1.
B. Bhuvaneshwari, Saptarshi Sasmal, Nagesh R.Iyer , Nanoscience To Nanotechnology For Civil Engineering – Proof Of Concepts, Recent Researches In Geography, Geology, Energy, Environment And Biomedicine, 230-235, ISBN: 978-1-61804-022-0.
V. Kartik Ganesh, Nanotechnology In Civil Engineering, European Scientific Journal, Vol. 8, No.27, 96-109, Issn: 1857 – 7881.
Ali Akbar Firoozi, Mohd Raihan Taha, 2014, Nanotechnology In Civil Engineering, Ejeg, Volume - 19, 4673-4682.
Syed Sabihuddin, 2014, Application of Nanotechnology In Civil Infrastructure, Int. Journal Of Engineering Research And Applications, Vol. 4, Issue 3 (Version 1), 92-95, ISSN: 2248-9622.
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