Extraction and Characterization of Nanocellulose from Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Husks
Nanocellulse as a kind of biomaterial with nanoscale, performs considerable potential applications in a many fields. Extracting nanocellulose might create a novel path to use of Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks. In this work, nanocellulose was extracted from Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks through a series of chemical treatments. The morphology, chemical structure, thermal behaviors and crystallinity of untreated husks, cellulose fibers and nanocellulose were compared. The mechanical properties of nanocellulose film were investigated. The nanocellulose of Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks had a rod-like aspect, the diameter was about 38nm. The essential chemical structure of cellulose was not broken during the treatments. The chemical treatments for Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks caused the changes of the thermal properties and crystallinity. The transparent nanocellulose film made by Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks nanocellulose showed high storage modulus at low temperature. The tensile strength and Young’s modulus of nanocellulose film were 75.9MPa and 15.9GPa, respectively.
Nanocellulose, Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Husks, Extracting, Nanocellulose Film, Properties
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