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Multidimensional Poverty in Rural Kogi State, Nigeria: A Subjective Wellbeing (SWB) Approach
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 3 (June)
Pages: 13-19   |   Vol. 5, No. 3, June 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 39   Since Aug. 1, 2017 Views: 1128   Since Aug. 1, 2017
Authors
[1]
Mohammed Ibrahim Adah, Dept. of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria.
[2]
Awoyemi Timothy Taiwo, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Abstract
Over the past decades, poverty alleviation has been of central concern to governments all over the world. However, a staggering 40% of the world’s population is still living with the reality. It is against this backdrop that we examined multidimensional poverty in rural Kogi state; a subjective wellbeing approach. A multistage random sampling technique was used to sample two hundred household respondents from four agricultural zones of Kogi state with the aid of a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, principal component analysis (PCA), and correlation were used for data analysis. Results showed that 80.0% of the respondents were male, 78.0% were married and 56.5% had primary and secondary education with low annual income and expenditure. Also, results revealed that 65.5% of the respondents were in the happy/very happy category irrespective of their conditions. The wellbeing index revealed that households in rural Kogi state were deprived in the dimensions of education, toilet facility, environmental sanitation, security, quality meal, safe water, quality healthcare, electricity and cooking energy. All correlations between SWB and socioeconomic indicators were positive and significant, an indication of a direct relationship. Provision of free education, healthcare service, safe drinking water, rural electrification and provision of alternative cooking energy are thus recommended.
Keywords
Multidimensional Poverty, Subjective Wellbeing, Principal Component Analysis, Correlation Analysis, Happiness, Kogi State
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