Willingness of Youths to Participate in Agricultural Activities: Implication for Poverty Reduction
In Nigeria, agriculture plays a significant role in growth and development of the economy. To sustain this development however, an active population comprising the youths should be encouraged to participate effectively in agricultural activities. Many factors are responsible for the low participation of youths in agriculture. An empirical study was therefore conducted between October, 2015 and March, 2016 to determine the factors influencing the willingness of youths in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria to participate in agricultural activities. With the aid of questionnaire, primary data were obtained from 150 youths using the multi-stage sampling procedure. Data were analyzed using the univariate probit regression model. Results of analysis revealed that age of the youths was positively significant (P<0.05) implying that youths with many years of experience were more likely and willing to participate in agricultural activities and programs. Findings also showed that household income and membership in social groups were significant (P<0.10) and (P<0.05) and directly influenced the willingness of youths to participate in agricultural activities. Furthermore, results revealed that the size of household members was significant (P<0.05) and negatively influenced youths willingness to participate in agricultural activity. Policies aimed at encouraging membership and involvement of youths in social groups and increasing their incomes through participation in farming investments and activities would be a sensible option.
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