Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Pattern of Tobacco Intake Among 16+ Years Inhabitants of a Village in Chittagong of Bangladesh
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2015
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 149-157   |   Vol. 3, No. 5, October 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 28   Since Nov. 3, 2015 Views: 1365   Since Nov. 3, 2015
Sayeed Mahmud, Department of Community Medicine, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Abu Zafar Mahmudul Haq, Department of Business Administration, City University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
This was a descriptive type of cross sectional study with a sample size of 298 selected by purposive sampling technique. Data collections were performed on 21st November, 2014, by direct interview with the help of piloted questionnaires containing closed and open questions. The overall aim of this survey was to find out the pattern of tobacco intake among 16+ years and explore the hazards of tobacco intake among the respondents of this study. Out of total respondents, 35.91% respondents were in the group of 31-45 years. Out of them 63.42% were male & 36.58% were female. 48.32% of the respondents were illiterate, 33.89% were primary or equivalent level educated while graduate and above were only 3.69%. It was found that 30.87% of the respondents were farmers and 34.56% were housewives. Most of the respondents (75.17%) belonged to middle class and only 2.35% were of upper class, 47.32% had nuclear type family, 39.26% and 13.42% had joint and extended type of family. It was found that 36.96% of respondents took smokeless tobacco while 47.10% took smoke producing tobacco. It was revealed that 33.33% of the respondents took 5-10 sticks per day and 29.38% took 11-25 sticks per day. Out of total respondents, majority 74.64% of the tobacco users were influenced by others. It was explored that 72.10% of the tobacco users were suffering from disease and 27.90% were in good health. Among the sufferers, most of them (34.67%) had been suffering from cough and cold, 17.59% were suffering from COPD. Among the tobacco users, 52.17% wanted to quit tobacco while 47.83% had no intention to quit it. Though among the respondents of Ayir Mangal village Anowara had idea about harmful effect of tobacco consumption but they were unable to quit it due to addiction habit and lack of mental strength. Related organizations and authority should come forward to halt the intake of these harmful substances.
Tobacco Users, 16+ Years, Village, Bangladesh
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Pocketbook, 2004.
Efroymson D, Ahmed S, Townsend J, et al. 2001. Hungry for tobacco: an analysis of the economic impact of tobacco consumption on the poor in Bangladesh. Tobacco control 2001; 10:212–217.
Gupta P. C., Ray C. S. 2003 Smokeless tobacco and health in India and South Asia. Respirology.8. 419–431 [PubMed].
Goon and Bipasha 2014. Prevalence and Pattern of Smoking among Bus Drivers of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Tobacco Use Insights, 7:21–25 doi:10.4137/TUI.S13966.
Hanifi S. A., Mahmood S. S., Bhuiya A. 2010. Smoking has declined but not for all: findings from a study in a rural area of Bangladesh. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2010.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). 2007. Smokeless tobacco and some tobacco-specific N-Nitrosamines, vol 89 of IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. World Health Organization International agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France: 89.
International tobacco control policy evaluation project-ITC Bangladesh survey wave-2 technical report, June, 2011.
Wu F., Chen Y., Parvez F., et al. 2013. A prospective study of tobacco smoking and mortality in Bangladesh. PLUS ONE. 8(3): 58516.
WHO. 2007. Impact of tobacco related illness in Bangladesh. Regional office for south-east Asia. New Delhi. April, 2007.
WHO, NIPSOM and CDC survey, 2009. Global adult tobacco survey, Bangladesh report, 2009. Available online-http://ban.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Publication_Global_Adult_Tobacco_Survey_Bangladesh_Report_2009_web.pdf?ua=1.
WHO. 2007. Impact of tobacco related illness in Bangladesh. Regional office for south-east Asia. New Delhi. April, 2007.
WHO. 2011. Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, Warning about the Dangers of Tobacco. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press.
Prevalence of Tobacco Intake in various countries’ reports of Statistics, Canada, December 2002 in http:/ /en. wikipedia. org /wiki/ prevalence_of_tobacco_consumption.
Reports of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA in http:// www.cdc.gov/datastatistics/.
GATS India Survey Report 2009-2010 in http://.ncbi. nlm.nil.gov/pubmed/24004968.
Prevalence and Socio demographic determinants of tobacco use among adults in Pakistan: Findings of a Nationwide Survey Conducted in 2012 in http:// nccd.cdc.gov /gtssdata/Ancillary /downloadAttachment.aspx%3FID%3d964.
Global Adult Tobacco Survey, Bangladesh Report 2009 in http://www.who.int/tobacco/survillance/global_adult_tobacco_survey_bangladesh_report_2009.
Patterns and predictors of smokeless Tobacco use among adults in Bangladesh: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Bangladesh Survey in http:// www. nebi.nlm.nih. gov/pme/articles/pmc4090160/, 9 July, 2014.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved