Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Meaning of Life, Psychological Well-Being and Resilience in Iranian Students
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2017
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 20-26   |   Vol. 4, No. 4, August 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 182   Since Aug. 14, 2017 Views: 1344   Since Aug. 14, 2017
Hamid Aghababaei Talkhouncheh, Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Sajjad Kamyarfar, Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Elham Foroozandeh, Department of Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, Iran.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between meaning of life and psychological well-being and resilience of the high school students in Iran. The statistical population consisted of all 1000 high school students in Iran in the academic year 2015-2016, of whom 212 students (100 male and 112 female students) were selected using the multi-stage stratified random sampling method and Wong [1] Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ), Ryff and Keyes [2] 18-items Psychological Well-Being scale, Connor-Davidson [3] Resilience Scale were administered to them. Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression analysis were used for data analysis. The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between the dimensions of the meaning of life (except intimacy) and psychological well-being (p≤0.05) and resilience (p≤0.05). Moreover, stepwise regression analysis showed that the dimensions of the meaning of life can predict the psychological well-being (p≤0.05) and resilience (p≤0.05). Results reveal that any change in the rate of meaning of life and its components result in change in the rate of psychological well-being in Iranian students.
Meaning of Life, Psychological Well-Being, Resilience
Wong P T P. (Ed.). 2012. The human quest for meaning: Theories, research, and applications (2nd Edition). New York, NY: Routledge, 767 p.
Ryff C D, Keys C L. 1995. The structure of psychological Well- being revisited. Jornal of personality and social psychology. 69: 719-727.
Connor K M, Davidson J RT. 2003. Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression & Anxiety, 18: 76–82.
Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., & Kaler, M. (2006). The Meaning in Life Questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 80–93.
Ryff C D. 1989. Scales of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57: 1069–1081.
Seligman M E. 2011. Flourish. New York, NY: Free Press, 328 p.
Seligman M E P, Steen T, Park N, Peterson C. 2004. Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60: 41–62.
Wong, P. T. P. 2011. Positive psychology 2.0: Towards a balanced interactive model of the good life. Canadian Psychology, 52 (2), 69-81. Wong P T P. 2011c. The meaningful living project. Retrieved from http://www.meaning.ca/archives/archive/art-meanignful-living-project-p-wong.html
Wong P T P. 2014. Meaning in life. In a. c. Michalos (Eds.), Encyclopedia of quality of life and well-being research. New york, NY: Springer. pp. 3894-3898.
King L, Hicks L. 2007. Positive affect and the experience of meaning in life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90: 179–196.
Klinger E. 2011. The search for meaning in evolutionary perspective and its clinical implications. In P. T. P. Wong & P. S. Fry (Eds.), The human quest for meaning: A handbook of psychological research and clinical applications Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. pp. 27–50.
Peterson, C, Park N, 2012. Methodological issues in positive psychology and the assessment of character strengths. In A. D. Ong & M. van Dulmen (Eds.), Handbook of methods in positive psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 292–305.
Wong, P T P. 2006. The resource-congruence model of coping and the development of the Coping Schemas Inventory. In P. T. P. Wong & L. C. J. Wong (Eds.), Handbook of multicultural perspectives on stress and coping New York, NY: Springer, pp. 223–283.
Rostampour, R. 2016. Surveing the psychometrics features of life meaning questionnaire and the ‎relationship between life meaning and psychological well being, resiliency, ‎satisfaction in life in students of khorasgan Azad university (Isfahan), master of science ‎thesis, faculty of psychology and education of khorasgan Azad ‎university (Isfahan).‎
Ryff C D, Singer B H. 2007. Best news yet on the six-factor model of well-being. Social science Research, 35: 1103-1119.
Ryff C, Singer B. 2006. The role of purpose in life and personal growth in positive human health. In P. T. P. Wong & P. S. Fry (Eds.), T e human quest for meaning: A handbook of psychological research and clinical applications Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, pp 213–235.
Khanjani, M., Shahidi, Sh., Fath Abadi, J., Mazaheri, M., Shokri A. 2014. Factor structure and psychometric properties of the short (18 questions) Psychological well-being scale in male and female students. Thought And Behavior Quarterly, 32: 40-49.
Besharat, M., Salehi, M., Shah Mohamadi, Kh., Nadali, H., Zebardast, A. 2008. The relationship between exercise and mental health resilience and hard work with success in athletics. Contemporary Psychology, 3: 4-38.
Jaarsma T A, Pool G, Ranchor A V, Sanderman R. 2007. Th e concept and measurement of meaning in life in Dutch cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology, 16: 241–248.
Hope N L. 2006. When caring hurts: The signif cance of personal meaning for wellbeing in the presence of secondary traumatic stress (master’s thesis). Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada.
Simms S M. 2005. Making lemonade out of life’s lemons: Factors of mental health and wellbeing (Phd thesis). Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada.
Shmotkin D, Shrira, A. 2012. Happiness and suf ering in the life story: An inquiry into conf icting expectations concerning the association of perceived past with present subjective well-being in old age. Journal of Happiness Studies, 24: 723-741.
Mascaro N. 2006. The development, construct valid ity, and clinical utility of the Spiritual Meaning Scale. Personality and Individual Diferences, 37: 845–860.
Mascaro N, Rosen D H. 2005. Existential meaning’s role in the enhancement of hope and prevention of depressive symptoms. Journal of Personality, 73: 985–1014.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved